HUMAN RIGHTS ON CAPITOL HILL
Table of Contents
Congress’s Record on International Human Rights
Human Rights Concerns in U.S. Elections
COVID-19 and Human Rights
Human Rights Wins
Welcome New Staff
OCTOBER 2020 NEWSLETTER
Government Attacks on Amnesty International
Amnesty International India Forced to Close
In September, Amnesty International’s India section was forced to halt its human rights work after learning that all its bank accounts had been frozen, upon orders by Indian authorities. This latest action follows two years of relentless threats, intimidation, and harassment by the Indian government. All Amnesty India staff have been let go, and all Amnesty India research, advocacy, and campaigning has ceased. Amnesty International USA has called on Congress to press the Indian government to lift the freeze on Amnesty India’s bank accounts, so Amnesty India can resume vital human rights work.
State Department Accusations of Antisemitism Against Amnesty International are Baseless and an Affront to the Human Rights Movement
On October 21 Politico reported that the State Department, under Secretary Pompeo’s initiative, may categorize Amnesty International as antisemitic. In response, Amnesty International USA’s Interim Executive Director Bob Goodfellow issued this statement:
“Secretary Pompeo’s baseless accusations are yet another attempt to silence and intimidate international human rights organizations. The administration is spreading misinformation and working to undermine those who are working to protect human rights. Amnesty International USA is deeply committed to fighting antisemitism and all forms of hate worldwide, and will continue to protect people wherever justice, freedom, truth, and dignity are denied. We vigorously contest any allegation of antisemitism.
“Our human rights work, as well as the broader human rights movement today, exist because of the actions taken by the international community in the aftermath of the Holocaust. Nations came together and said, ‘never again.’ Never again would atrocities such as those committed in the Holocaust occur because governments would now recognize that all human beings have rights.
“The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the founding document of our work and our guiding light, came together precisely because of the atrocities committed against the Jewish people. These accusations are an affront to anyone who believes in the human rights movement.” Read more here.
Should you have any questions, please contact Philippe Nassif at [email protected].
Amnesty International is a Nobel Peace Prize-winning global movement of more than 10 million people who campaign for a world where human rights are enjoyed by all. The organization investigates and exposes abuses, educates and mobilizes the public, and works to protect people wherever justice, freedom, truth and dignity are denied.
Congress’s Record on International Human Rights
Amnesty International’s Assessment of the 116th Congress’s Record on International Human Rights
An October 19 Just Security article by Joanne Lin, The 116th Congress’s Record on International Human Rights: The Good, the Bad, and the Unfinished Business, analyzes this Congress’s record on international human rights. The 116th session has been marked by important progress in addressing the human rights of Uyghurs in China, but also by devastating setbacks for Yemeni civilians subjected to war crimes and for asylum seekers denied access to protection at the U.S. border. Meanwhile, there was limited movement in Congress on addressing the human rights of Venezuelans and the Rohingya, and little action to address international human rights amid the COVID-19 pandemic. Amnesty International calls for the next Congress to take unified action on international human rights. Click here for more.
Amnesty International’s Recommendations for Administrative Policy Reforms in 2021
Amnesty International has published nearly 80 separate detailed policy recommendations for the federal government to adopt and implement in early 2021 both for domestic and foreign policy issues. These policy reforms are essential to protect and advance human rights.
Amnesty International USA joins leading women’s rights organizations to call on the U.S. government to prioritize addressing gender-based violence (GBV) globally in the first 100 days of 2021. One in three women experience GBV. The U.S. should 1) establish a presidential initiative on ending GBV globally; 2) re-establish GBV as grounds for asylum; and 3) tackle the increase in GBV since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Feminist Foreign Policy
Amnesty International USA applauds the historic resolution (H.Res. 1147) calling for the adoption of a feminist foreign policy across all auspices of U.S. foreign policy. The resolution is grounded in a bold vision centered on gender equality that is foundational to making our world more equitable and safe. Amnesty urges Congress to pass this resolution.
Human Rights Concerns in U.S. Elections
Right to Peaceful Assembly at Risk
On October 23 Amnesty International released the report Losing the Peace: US Police Failures to Protect Protesters from Violence. The report documents how law enforcement agencies are failing to facilitate people’s fundamental right to freedom of peaceful assembly, and to protect protesters and counter-protesters from violence against each other. Amnesty International has documented and verified violent confrontations between protests and counter-protests in approximately 75 percent of all states between May and September 2020. In almost half of all states, police forces failed to keep assemblies peaceful or to protect participants when violence did break out. A frequent catalyst for violent confrontations between protesters and counter-protesters has been the presence of vigilante armed groups. Congress should investigate the escalation of violent extremism, including acts of violence against protests and counter-protests in 2020.
To prevent and stop human rights violations related to the election, Amnesty International has launched a new Defend Freedom campaign. We are calling on all U.S. government officials, including Congress, to condemn incitement to violence; respect and facilitate the right to peacefully protest and dissent; stop police violence and gun violence; end arbitrary arrest and detention; stop attacks on journalists; and ban guns at or near the polls. Please visit here to see more, and read our report,“The World Is Watching.”
Indonesia: Amnesty International condemns Indonesia Defense Minister’s Visit at Pentagon
Amnesty International sent an October 13 letter protesting the Oct. 16 meeting between Defense Secretary Esper and Prabowo Subianto, Indonesia’s Defense Minister, at the Pentagon. Until October 2020, Prabowo Subianto had been banned since 2000 from entering the U.S. due to his alleged direct involvement in crimes against humanity in Indonesia and East Timor. The Pentagon’s invitation was an abrupt reversal of longstanding U.S. policy toward Indonesia, in place through the entirety of the George W. Bush and Barack Obama administrations. Seeing the Pentagon roll out the welcome mat for a human rights violator is devastating for the many Indonesian survivors of torture who have been waiting two decades for justice, accountability, and reparations.
Human Rights in Asia
Amnesty International USA submitted a statement for the record for the Sept. 22 hearing before the House Foreign Affairs Committee Subcommittee on Asia, the Pacific, and Nonproliferation titled “Stemming a Receding Tide: Human Rights and Democratic Values in Asia.” Our statement highlighted grave human rights abuses across the continent including: mass internment, surveillance, and forced cultural assimilation of predominantly Muslim ethnic groups in China’s Xinjiang region; a draconian new national security law in Hong Kong; crimes against humanity targeting Rohingya in Myanmar; and enforced disappearances in Thailand and Pakistan.
Secretary Pompeo is scheduled for an October 27 visit with Sri Lanka’s president and prime minister. Amnesty International sent a letter detailing the deteriorating human rights situation in Sri Lanka including enforced disappearances, crackdown on journalists, jailing of peaceful dissidents, and persecution of Muslim minorities.
Amnesty International submitted a statement for the September 30 hearing on Democratic Backsliding in Sub-Saharan Africa before the House Subcommittee on Africa, Global Health, Global Human Rights and International Organizations. Amnesty urges Congress to robustly funding the international affairs account and ensure transparency and accountability by recipient governments for U.S. COVID-19 assistance.
In early October, several organizations filed a complaint with DHS condemning the agency for deploying excessive force to coerce Cameroonian asylum-seekers into signing their own deportation papers. Amnesty calls on Congress to urge the Trump administration to refrain from deporting people to Cameroon, as they face a high risk of being detained, beaten, disappeared, tortured, or even killed upon return.
Amnesty International published a report: ‘Between life and death’: Refugees and migrants trapped in Libya’s cycle of abuse documents the harrowing accounts of refugees and migrants who have suffered or witnessed a litany of abuses in Libya including unlawful killings; enforced disappearances; torture and other ill-treatment; rape and other sexual violence; arbitrary detention; and forced labor and exploitation at the hands of state and non-state actors in a climate of near-total impunity. Amnesty continues to call for the passage of the bipartisan Libya Stabilization Act (H.R. 4644, S. 2934) in order to provide relief those affected by the conflict and push for a resolution to the hostilities and end to human rights abuses.
Europe and Central Asia
Belarus has faced daily protests following an election on August 9 that saw the country’s president Alexander Lukashenka declared the winner with 80% of the vote. Since the start of the protests, Amnesty International has repeatedly documented Belarusian authorities’ violation of their citizens most basic freedoms including the freedom of peaceful assembly, association, expression. On October 13, Gennady Kazakevich, the first deputy of the Interior Ministry of Belarus, threatened to fire on peaceful demonstrators with live rounds. In an interview with Public Radio International’s The World program, Amnesty International USA’s advocacy director Daniel Balson condemned this escalation and pointed to Belarusian authorities repeated use of torture against peaceful demonstrators.
Violence in Armenia and Azerbaijan
As violence continues between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the Nagorno-Karabakh region, Amnesty has called on both sides to prioritize the protection of civilians. Amnesty International USA wrote to Acting Assistant Secretary of State for European and Eurasian Affairs Ambassador Philip T. Reeker to call on the State Department to push for protections for civilians on both sides of the front line. In particular, Amnesty International was able to verify the use of cluster munitions by Azerbaijani armed forces in the city of Stepanakert, the capital of Nagorno-Karabakh. In an interview with Voice of America – Azerbaijani service, Amnesty International USA’s Advocacy Director for Europe and Central Asia Daniel Balson condemned the use of cluster munitions, describing them as indiscriminate weapons that risk killing and maiming civilians, including children. Over 100 countries have signed on to the Convention on Cluster Munitions, an international treaty that proscribes the use, production, transfer or stockpiling of cluster bombs.
U.S. Refugee Admissions
On October 1 President Trump sent a report to Congress outlining his intention to set the refugee admissions goal at 15,000 — the lowest refugee goal in U.S. history. Amnesty International USA issued a statement decrying the latest cut in refugee admissions and urging Congress to pass the Guaranteed Refugee Admissions Ceiling Enhancement Act or GRACE Act (H.R. 2146, S. 1088), which would return refugee admissions to norms predating the current administration, of at least 95,000 refugees per year.
Technology and Human Rights
Ahead of the direct listing of Palantir Technologies, Inc. on the New York Stock Exchange in September, Amnesty International released a briefing documenting how Palantir is failing to conduct human rights diligence around its contracts with DHS Customs and Immigration Enforcement (“ICE”) and is at high risk of contributing to human rights violations of asylum-seekers and migrants through the ways Palantir’s technology facilitates ICE immigration enforcement operations. Congress should conduct oversight into all aspects of Palantir’s contracting with federal government agencies, including contracts with DHS/ICE for technologies that risk facilitating human rights abuses.
In early September, Pastor Steven, an ordained minister, activist and asylum-seeker detained for over 20 months, was told he would be imminently deported to Uganda, where an official there said he would likely be killed upon arrival. Thanks to congressional intervention and activist pressure, ICE agreed to stay his deportation until the federal appeal on his asylum claim is heard before the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals. However, Pastor Steven remains detained in the Port Isabel detention facility where there have been outbreaks of COVID-19. Pastor Steven is diabetic and inadequate medical care in detention has left him with a compromised immune system. Amnesty renews its ask to Congress to call on ICE to release him so he can pursue the right to seek asylum in safety and with access to the care he needs.
Great news: Due to their lawyer’s advocacy and activist pressure on ICE, Marilin and 11-year-old Yunior, a Honduran family seeking asylum, were released from ICE family detention. Amnesty renews its calls to Congress to urge ICE to release all remaining families. Billboards were previously launched in DC and in Texas and Pennsylvania, outside family detention centers and supervising ICE offices, calling on ICE to release all children with their parents together.
Supreme Court Cases on Remain in Mexico
On October 19, the Supreme Court announced it would grant review petitions for two key immigration cases. The first involves a challenge to the ‘Remain in Mexico’ policy, which has unlawfully sent over 60,000 asylum-seekers, including families and children, to danger and precarity in Mexican border towns where they are regularly kidnapped, extorted, tortured, and otherwise harmed by cartels and criminal elements. The second involves the president’s authority to divert Defense Department funds to construct a wasteful, costly, and harmful border wall over Congress’s explicit instructions for use of these funds. Challenges to both policies have thus far been successful, though the Supreme Court previously stepped in to halt the lower court’s decisions, allowing both policies to continue despite their illegality and serious human costs.
On September 22, Amnesty International released the Twitter Scorecard, highlighting Twitters lack of progress in addressing abuse against women on the platform. The persistent abuse women face on the platform undermines their right to express themselves equally, freely and without fear. Amnesty first highlighted this issue with the 2018 Toxic Twitter report, with follow-up reports focused on the USA and UK, Argentina and India. For the Scorecard, we synthesized the recommendations from these previous reports into ten simple indicators, outlining clear steps that Twitter can take to address this issue. To date, Twitter has only fully implemented one of these ten steps.
Rights of Children in Climate Crisis
In September a concurrent resolution – S.Con.Res.47 & H.Con.Res.119 – was introduced to protect the rights of children harmed by the climate crisis. The resolution demands that the United States develop a national, comprehensive, science-based climate recovery plan to meet necessary emissions reduction targets. Amnesty International urges Congress to pass the resolution. Read more here.
Covid-19 and Human Rights
Guantanamo Bay Detention Facility
Human Rights Wins
Indigenous women in the U.S.
Amnesty International applauds passage of Savanna’s Act which was signed by the President on October 10. The law addresses the crisis of Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls (“MMIWG”) in the U.S. The new law: 1) improves collection of data; 2) increases coordination between state, federal, and tribal law enforcement; and 3) requires Justice Department reporting on MMIWG.
Welcome New Staff
In September, Alagie Jammeh joined Amnesty International USA as the Almami Cyllah Fellow. An asylee originally from The Gambia, Alagie formerly interned in Senator Schumer’s office and is a current master’s degree candidate at George Washington University’s Elliott School of International Affairs. Alagie’s work at Amnesty International will focus on human rights in sub-Saharan Africa.
Connect with Us
Please don’t hesitate to reach out to any of our experts or email [email protected] for a general inquiry.
Americas, U.S. Southern Border: Charanya Krishnaswami
Middle East/North Africa: Philippe Nassif
Sub-Saharan Africa: Adotei Akwei
Surveillance, Technology, Digital Rights: Michael Kleinman
Refugees & Global Displacement / Gun Violence: Ryan Mace
Gender, Sexuality, and Identity / Indigenous Rights: Tarah Demant
National Security: Daphne Eviatar
Human Rights Defenders, Prisoners of Conscience & Individuals at Risk: Andrew Fandino
Turkey specialist: Deniz Yuksel
Be sure to follow AIUSA on TWITTER, FACEBOOK, and INSTAGRAM.