Egypt


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Egypt Human Rights

The authorities continued to severely restrict human rights organizations’ and political parties’ freedom of association. Constitutional amendments expanded the role of military courts in prosecuting civilians and undermined the independence of the judiciary. Following protests in September 2019, the Supreme State Security Prosecution (SSSP) ordered the detention of thousands pending investigation in relation to vaguely worded “terrorism”-related charges were investigated.

Extensive use of exceptional courts led to grossly unfair trials and, in some cases, death sentences. Executions continued. Torture remained rife in formal and informal places of detention. Conditions of detention remained dire, prompting mass hunger strikes. Women continued to face discrimination in law and practice. The authorities failed to protect women against high levels of sexual and gender-based violence. Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) people in detention were forcibly subjected to invasive anal and sex determination tests.

Dozens of workers and trade unionists were arbitrarily arrested and prosecuted for exercising their right to strike and protest. The authorities restricted Christians’ right to worship by closing at least 25 churches and failing to provide approval for thousands of others to be built or repaired.

Shocking Reprisal Against Leading Human Rights Group

The Egyptian authorities arrested and detained three leaders of the Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights, one of the last independent human rights organizations in the country. The arrests came shortly after the group met visiting diplomats from the European Union to discuss human rights. Amnesty believes the arrests reflect a continuing determination by the government to muzzle civil society and to send a challenge to any in the international community that would criticize the country’s human rights record. The three men were released on Dec. 3, 2020, but they continue to face unfounded terrorism charges. Human rights workers continue to be subjected to travel bans, asset freezes, and criminal investigations  Read More

The latest wave of arrests targeting critics, opposition leaders, activists and journalists under the guise of counterterrorism is part of the Egyptian authorities’ systematic persecution and brutal crackdown on anyone who dares to criticize them. The crackdown leaves no doubt about the authorities’ vision for political life in Egypt; an open-air prison with no opposition, critics or independent reporting allowed.

 

Egypt Newsroom



April 20, 2020 • Report

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April 7, 2020 • Press Release

Workshop for media featuring Nazanin Boniadi and the Middle East Institute will examine COVID-19 impact on the Middle East and North Africa

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November 17, 2019 • Press Release

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September 24, 2019 • Press Release

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July 31, 2019 • Press Release

Mass Hunger Strike at al-Aqrab Prison Over Denial of Family Visits and Dire Conditions

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July 2, 2019 • Press Release

Egypt: Series of draconian laws ‘legalizes’ unprecedented repression six years since fall of Morsi

The Egyptian authorities are attempting to normalize human rights violations by passing a series of laws to “legalize” their escalating crackdown on freedom of expression, association and assembly, said Amnesty International, six years since recently deceased former President Mohamed Morsi was ousted from power on 3 July 2013.

June 17, 2019 • Press Release

Authorities in Egypt must order immediate investigation into death of former President Mohamed Morsi

Responding to the news of former Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi’s death in custody today Magdalena Mughrabi, Deputy Director for the Middle East and North Africa, said: “The news of Mohamed …

February 26, 2019 • Report

Human rights in the Middle East and North Africa: A review of 2018

The international community’s chilling complacency towards wide-scale human rights violations in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) has emboldened governments to commit appalling violations during 2018 by giving them …

November 28, 2018 • Press Release

Amnesty International launches world’s biggest human rights campaign

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May 6, 2018 • Report

Egypt: The use of indefinite solitary confinement against prisoners amounts to torture

“The first time I saw Hisham after his arrest was in hospital. He described his solitary cell to me. He could not see anything in the darkness of the cell. …