• Urgent Action


August 1, 2023

On May 17, six University of Zimbabwe students, Benjamin Watadza, Emmanuel Chitima, Comfort Mpofu, Lionel Madamombe, Gamuchirai Chaburumunda and Darlington Chigwena, were arrested for staging a peaceful protest in Harare, Zimbabwe’s capital. The protest aimed to demand an end to the persecution of opposition politicians, including Job Sikhala. Five of the students have been detained since their arrest and have missed exams after being denied bail and their request to sit for “special exams” was rejected by the University of Zimbabwe. Amnesty International calls on the Zimbabwean authorities to grant the students’ immediate release.


  1. Write a letter in your own words or using the sample below as a guide to one or both government officials listed. You can also email, fax, call or Tweet them.
  2. Click here to let us know the actions you took on Urgent Action 66.23. It’s important to report because we share the total number with the officials we are trying to persuade and the people we are trying to help.


His Excellency Emmerson Mnangagwa

President of the Republic of Zimbabwe

Office of the President, Munhumutapa Building
Samora Machel Avenye
Private Bag 7700
Causeway, Harare, Zimbabwe
Email: [email protected]


Zimbabwe Embassy

1608 New Hampshire Ave NW
Washington, DC 20009
Phone: (202) 332-7100


Dear Excellency Emmerson Mnangagwa,

I am concerned about the continued imprisonment of five University of Zimbabwe students Benjamin Watadza (24), Emmanuel Chitima (24), Comfort Mpofu (22), Lionel Madamombe (24) and Darlington Chigwena. A sixth student, Gamuchirai Chaburumunda was granted bail on 4 July by the High Court of Zimbabwe. The six students were arrested separately on 17, 23 May and 8 June following a peaceful protest on 15 May in Harare, Zimbabwe’s capital, calling for an end to the persecution of opposition leaders and the release of Citizens’ Coalition for Change (CCC) MP, Job Sikhala. The students were charged with “malicious damage to property”, only on the basis that the same calls they made during their peaceful protest were found illegally spray painted on government buildings the following day. There is no evidence linking the students to the paintings.

They have been detained in Harare Central prison since their arrest and their request for bail has been refused, with the authorities unreasonably arguing that they are ‘capable of causing more trouble for the State’. Their detention has resulted in the students missing their exams as the University of Zimbabwe refused to work with the correctional services to arrange for them to sit for “special exams” citing that these are only allowed in extraordinary circumstances such as illness and bereavement.

The Zimbabwe government has a disturbing history of arresting protestors and violently dispersing peaceful protests, in violation of the right to peaceful protest which is provided for under Section 58 and section 59 of the 2013 Constitution of Zimbabwe and Article 21 of the 1966 International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), of which Zimbabwe is state party.

I urge you to drop all charges against the six students and immediately release Benjamin Watadza, Emmanuel Chitima, Comfort Mpofu, Lionel Madamombe, Gamuchirai Chaburumunda and Darlington Chigwena. I also call on you to stop the clampdown on dissent and respect the rights to freedom of expression, association and peaceful assembly, as provided for in the Constitution of Zimbabwe.

Yours sincerely,