• Urgent Action


November 1, 2023

Mahmoud Hussein, a protester who had already spent two years in arbitrary pretrial detention for wearing an anti-torture T-shirt, was re-arrested on August 30. After his release on bail in 2016, he was convicted of bogus charges and sentenced to life imprisonment in his absence in a grossly unfair trial by an emergency court marred by allegations of torture. He is detained at Badr 1 prison pending his retrial, amid concerns over his health. He must be immediately and unconditionally released as his detention is solely linked to the exercise of his human rights, including wearing an anti-torture T-shirt. 

Take Action:

  • Write a letter in your own words or using the sample below as a guide to one or both government officials listed. You can also email, fax, call or Tweet them.
  • Click here to let us know the actions you took on Urgent Action 90.23. It’s important to report because we share the total number with the officials we are trying to persuade and the people we are trying to help.

COntact Information:

Public Prosecutor Mohamed Shawky Ayyad

Office of the Public Prosecutor

Madinat al-Rehab, Cairo, Arab Republic of Egypt

Fax: +202 2577 4716

Twitter: @EgyptianPPO 

Egyptian Embassy in the United States

Ambassador Motaz Mounir Zahran

3521 International Court, NW, Washington DC 20008

Phone: (202) 895-5400

Email:  [email protected]


Sample Letter:

Your Excellency, 

I am concerned about the arbitrary detention of Mahmoud Hussein since August 30, solely for exercising his right to freedom of expression. Security forces stopped him at a checkpoint on his way back from Beni Suef to Cairo. He was then forcibly disappeared for five days, with the authorities refusing to provide his lawyers or family with any information about his fate or whereabouts. On September 5, he was interrogated in connection to a case dating back to protests on January 25, 2014. The then 18-year-old was arrested for wearing a T-shirt with the slogan “A Nation Without Torture” and arbitrarily detained for two years.

On February 26, 2018, the Emergency State Security Court (ESSC) convicted him and sentenced him to life imprisonment. As he was tried in his absence, he will now stand retrial on the same charges, also in front of an ESSC. Mahmoud Hussein is currently detained in Badr 1 Prison, where Amnesty International has documented concerns regarding inhumane detention conditions and denial of adequate healthcare to  . Since being detained, Mahmoud Hussein has not received healthcare for his various health issues.

I urge you to ensure Mahmoud Hussein’s release and that all charges against him be dropped. Pending his release, he must be granted regular access to his family, lawyers, and adequate medical care, and held in conditions that comply with international standards for the treatment of prisoners. 

Yours sincerely,