The Tribal Law and Order Act of 2009 is a historic, bi-partisan effort to tackle the complex jurisdictional maze that allows violent crime against Indigenous women, and in particular, sexual assault and violence against Native American and Alaska Native women, to go unpunished and unabated.
Championed by Senator Byron Dorgan (D-ND) in the Senate and Representative Stephanie Herseth-Sandlin (D-SD) in the House, the Tribal Law and Order Act represents an important step forward in combating violence against Native American women. Violence that is an ongoing violation of Native American and Alaska Native women’s most fundamental human rights and freedoms.
Amnesty International detailed this violence in our 2007 report entitled Maze of Injustice: The failure to protect Indigenous women from sexual violence in the USA. The report revealed shocking statistics of violence such as the fact that Native American and Alaska Native women are more than two and a half times more likely to be raped or sexually assaulted than women in the United States in general. The Tribal Law and Order Act of 2009 is in direct response to concerns raised by tribal leaders, tribal organizations, Native American and Alaska Native women and the AIUSA report, which helped bring widespread attention to the high rates of crimes on tribal lands and the obstacles that victims face in securing justice.
The Act will help abate the violence in Indigenous communities by clarifying the responsibilities of, and increasing coordination and communication among, federal, state, and tribal governments with respect to crimes committed in tribal communities. The bill also provides assistance to tribal governments by arming them with the necessary authority, resources, and information to address crimes committed on tribal land. In addition, it helps shed light on the elevated levels of violence in Indian Country by increasing the standardized collection and distribution of criminal data among all levels of government responsible for responding to and investigating crimes in tribal communities, including the data necessary to establish whether or not crimes are being prosecuted.
The welfare and safety of Native American and Alaska Native women — as citizens of tribal nations — is directly linked to the authority and capacity of tribal nations to address violent crimes perpetrated in their communities. Including the Tribal Law and Order Act as part of the Indian Arts and Crafts Amendment Act is a long-awaited, historic step towards the realization of the human rights of Indigenous peoples in the United States.
But the victory is not yet complete!
The Indian Arts and Crafts Amendment Act must now pass the House with the Tribal Law and Order provisions attached.
TAKE ACTION NOW to let your Member of Congress know that you support passage of H.R. 725, the Indian Arts and Crafts Amendment Act, which includes the Tribal Law and Order Act of 2009!
P.S. The Senate vote occurred just days after the White House released its tribal nations progress report, which details how Federal agencies are engaging with Native American and tribal communities. The report can be accessed at nativelegalupdate.com.
Joseph Person contributed to this post.