Punishment not protection: Australia’s treatment of refugees and asylum seekers in Papua New Guinea documents how, since refugees were forcibly evicted from a transit center on Manus Island in November 2017, they have been moved to newer but inadequate facilities where violence from the local community remains a constant threat.
“Moving refugees and asylum seekers from one hellish situation to another is not a solution, it is just prolonging these desperate men’s suffering. The new centers on Manus Island are not just a safety risk but also leave those who live there without basic services,” said Kate Schuetze, Amnesty International’s Pacific Researcher.
“Instead of implementing new and creative ways to shirk its responsibility and violate international law, the Australian government must end this wilful policy of cruelty and neglect. It must do the only safe and legal thing, which is to bring these men to its own shores and offer them the protection they need and deserve.”
From one unsafe camp to another
Australia withdrew all services to the initial refugee detention center on Manus Island – where it has sent hundreds of men since 2013 as part of its illegal “offshore processing” policies – from October 31, 2016. After the men in the center staged peaceful protests and refused to leave, PNG police forcibly evicted and transferred them to three newer facilities in late November.
Amnesty International’s research – based on interviews with 55 refugees and asylum seekers – reveals that the new facilities are far from safe and fail to address the fundamental problems with Australia’s offshore processing.
Several refugees have been violently attacked by locals in recent years on Manus Island, in cases that did not result in any prosecutions. The newer facilities offer even less protection than the previous center – they are not only closer to Lorengau town, but also lack basic security infrastructure like fences.
Many refugees told Amnesty International that they were too afraid to leave the centers due to the risk of violent attacks or robberies by locals. The police’s repeated failures to investigate attacks or hold those responsible to account has further undermined trust in the authorities and created a climate of impunity.
Joinul Islam, a 42-year-old Bangladeshi man, said: “I’m not coming to Lorengau because Lorengau is a very dangerous place. Three months ago, I came to Lorengau and someone cut my [arm]. They took my mobile and my money. It’s a very dangerous place…I don’t like to come to Lorengau.”
“Refugees told us they had been robbed and assaulted in both Manus Island and Port Moresby. The police have refused to act even on the most serious cases of violence. The bottom line is that Papua New Guinea does not provide a safe or sustainable solution for the refugees sent there by Australia,” said Schuetze.
On January 21, 2018, the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) also noted ‘while no formal curfew is in place, local police have advised all refugees and asylum-seekers to return to their accommodation by 6pm each evening to mitigate security risks’.
The psychological trauma of prolonged detention has taken a serious toll on refugees, with 88 percent suffering from depression or post-traumatic stress disorder. Despite this, the new centers are only served by one small medical clinic and a public hospital, which are far from adequate to meet the refugees’ needs.
PNG authorities have failed to provide refugees with regular status, access to travel and identity documents or the ability to obtain work long-term that is essential for the meaningful integration of refugees. Settlement in Papua New Guinea has proven near impossible for those refugees who have attempted it, given the difficulties of earning a living and the constant threat of violence.
Australia must provide a real solution
After nearly five years, the Australian government has provided no viable or sustainable options for the refugees it forcibly transferred to Papua New Guinea. The refugees are effectively forced to choose between returning to their own country or moving to a similarly abusive environment on Nauru.