• Press Release

Malaysia: Refugees are Arrested, Abused and Denied the Right to Work

March 27, 2011

Amnesty International Charges that Refugees are Arrested, Abused and Denied the Right to Work in Malaysia

Human rights organization reveals that majority of refugees are from Myanmar

June 16, 2010

The Malaysian government should give refugees in the country the right to work, Amnesty International said today as it revealed a litany of abuses suffered by refugees in Malaysia, the vast majority of whom are from Myanmar.

Released ahead of World Refugee Day on June 20, the new report, Abused and Abandoned: Refugees Denied Rights in Malaysia, documents the plight of refugees and asylum-seekers who have reached Malaysia, where they are refused legal recognition, protection or the right to work.

"Refugees should be able to live with dignity while they are in Malaysia. The government should move immediately to issue refugees official ID cards and grant them the right to work," said Chris Nash, Head of Refugee and Migrant Rights at Amnesty International.

Refugees and asylum-seekers in Malaysia are subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention in appalling conditions, caning, extortion, human trafficking and deportation back to the persecution that they fled.

In February, Malaysian Home Secretary Hishamuddin Hussein proposed the introduction of government ID cards for UN-recognized refugees and stated that refugees should be able to take on ‘odd jobs’ but not have the full right to work. However, no concrete steps have been taken to introduce the ID cards since then.

Government ID cards would give refugees and asylum-seekers in Malaysia some immediate protection from arbitrary detention, harassment and extortion by police and the People’s Volunteer Corps (RELA), who routinely refuse to recognize cards issued by the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR). The Malaysian volunteer police force, RELA, continues to operate in a climate of impunity, despite recent government assurances that the organization would cease to be involved in immigration enforcement.

The U.S. Department of State 2010 Trafficking in Persons report confirmed this week that RELA arbitrarily detains refugees and asylum-seekers, and is involved in trafficking. This report also confirmed that "refugees were particularly vulnerable to trafficking" and that despite government efforts, there was limited progress in convicting traffickers.

Amnesty International acknowledges that in the last year Malaysian officials have stopped handing refugees and asylum seekers to human traffickers operating on the Thai-Malaysian border.

"There is a long way to go for Malaysia on refugee rights, but government-issued ID cards are a start. This is the right time for Malaysia to take this very simple, but concrete and positive step that will make a huge difference to the lives of tens of thousands of refugees and asylum-seekers in the country," said Nash.

Amnesty International is urging the government to continue to improve refugee policies, including by building on its cooperation with the UNHCR instructing law enforcement agencies to stop detaining UNHCR card-holders.

It also urges other countries to increase their resettlement of refugees currently in Malaysia.

Resettlement provides a small number of refugees with the opportunity to rebuild their lives in countries such as Australia, Canada, the United States and in Europe. However, there has been a notable lack of resettlement of the Muslim Rohingya ethnic minority from Myanmar.


Malaysia has not ratified the U.N. Refugee Convention, and refugees and asylum seekers are treated as irregular or undocumented workers under Malaysian law. UNHCR is the only authority in the country that recognizes refugees and offers them any assistance.

There are 84,200 refugees and asylum-seekers registered with UNHCR in Malaysia, although the numbers of unregistered people in similar circumstances are estimated to be over twice that.

Over 90% of registered refugees and asylum-seekers in Malaysia are from Myanmar.