Amnesty International Public Statement
For Immediate Release
Monday, March 07, 2011
Amnesty International’s Petition Urges United Nations to Act for International Justice for Gaza Conflict Victims
Human rights organization presents more than 66,000 signatures to UN Human Rights Council’s president
Contact: AIUSA media relations office, 202-509-8194
(Washington, D.C.) Amnesty International today handed over a petition of some 66,850 signatures to the United Nations Human Rights Council calling on it to take a crucial step later this month to ensuring international justice for victims of the 2008-2009 conflict in Gaza and southern Israel.
The petition contains the signatures collected by Amnesty International members and supporters around the world over the last two months as part of the organization’s ongoing campaign for justice for the victims of the Gaza conflict. The petition was presented to Sihasak Phuangketkeow, President of the Human Rights Council, by Amnesty International representatives in Geneva.
The petition calls on the Human Rights Council to pass a resolution at its current session that would help pave the way for the U.N. Security Council to refer the situation in Gaza to the International Criminal Court (ICC) and thereby contribute to combating the long-running cycle of injustice and impunity in Israel and the Occupied Palestinian Territories.
The U.N. Security Council’s swift action to refer the situation in Libya to the ICC prosecutor contrasts markedly with its unwillingness so far to address the situation of the Gaza conflict, whose victims have been waiting in vain for justice for over two years. The consistent application of international legal standards and the application of international justice mechanisms, in all situations where war crimes have been committed and the domestic authorities are unable or unwilling to act, is important for the credibility of the U.N. Human Rights Council, General Assembly and Security Council.
On March 21, the Human Rights Council will consider the second report of a Committee of Independent Experts which it mandated to assess the Israeli and Palestinian investigations into serious violations of international law committed by Israeli forces and Palestinian armed groups during the 22-day conflict.
The U.N. Fact-Finding Mission on the Gaza Conflict, commissioned by the Human Rights Council and headed by Justice Richard Goldstone, found in September 2009 that the violations committed by both sides included war crimes and possibly crimes against humanity. It recommended that the Israeli authorities and the relevant authorities in the Gaza Strip be required to investigate serious violations of international humanitarian and human rights law reported by the Mission. If the authorities failed to conduct independent investigations meeting international standards within six months, the Mission recommended that the U.N. Security Council refer the issue to the International Criminal Court.
The previous report of the Committee of Independent Experts, issued in September 2010, concurred with Amnesty International’s continuing assessment that the investigations conducted by both the Israeli authorities and the Hamas de facto administration have failed to meet the required international standards of independence, impartiality, thoroughness, effectiveness and promptness. Failing to take account of the victims’ right to justice, the Human Rights Council merely voted to renew the Committee’s mandate for another six months and requested it to report again at the Council’s 16th session, which began on February 28, 2011.
Both Israeli and Hamas authorities have been given adequate time and opportunity to ensure justice for the victims, yet they are both failing to do so.
An international justice solution must now be found. Amnesty International is therefore urging the Human Rights Council to adopt a resolution at its 16th session that:
- condemns the failure of the Israeli authorities and Hamas de facto administration to conduct credible, independent investigations or prosecute perpetrators of violations;
- refers the September 2010 report and the upcoming report of the Committee of Independent Experts to the UN General Assembly, and urges the General Assembly to call on the UN Security Council to refer the situation in Gaza to the ICC;
- notes that the ICC Prosecutor has yet to request a determination from the Pre-Trial Chamber on whether the ICC has jurisdiction to investigate war crimes committed during the Gaza conflict, pursuant to a declaration accepting ICC jurisdiction submitted by the Palestinian Authority in January 2009, and requests him to do so urgently; and
- calls on states to fulfill their duty to investigate and prosecute crimes committed during the conflict before their national courts by exercising universal jurisdiction.
In recent months, Amnesty International has been drawing the attention of Human Rights Council members to the need for such a resolution, and Amnesty International members have organized public demonstrations and other campaigning activities in at least 18 countries around the world to draw attention to the continuing lack of accountability for the crimes committed during the Gaza conflict.
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