HUMAN RIGHTS ON CAPITOL HILL
Table of Contents
COVID-19 and Presidential Transition
Human Rights Wins
In Case You Missed It
Human Rights Day
DECEMBER 2020 NEWSLETTER
Human Rights Priorities in 2021
Human Rights Priorities for the Biden Administration
Amnesty International USA calls on the future Biden administration to adopt a bold, transformational strategy that places human rights at the forefront of all domestic and foreign policies. Our suite of 80 policy recommendations cover a wide array of human rights issues – thematic, domestic, international, regional, and country-specific. Our recommendations range from requiring U.S. law enforcement to reserve deadly force as a last resort to providing debt relief to the poorest nations suffering under the COVID-19 pandemic, from ending U.S. arms sales that fuel war crimes abroad to rebuilding a humanitarian protection system that aids people at the U.S. border as well as those seeking safety around the world. Read our full report and recommendations.
Human rights foreign policy priorities for the 117th Congress
Amnesty International’s Nov. 9 letter to the Senate Foreign Relations Committee (SFRC) outlines our international human rights priorities for 2021. We urge Congress to pass legislation to protect international human rights amidst the COVID-19 pandemic, to block arms sales to the Saudi-UAE coalition engaged in atrocities in Yemen, to halt Myanmar authorities’ atrocities against the Rohingya, to permanently repeal discriminatory immigration and travel bans, and to permanently repeal the Global Gag Rule and Helms Amendment.
Transformative Justice legislative priorities for 2021
Transformative Justice, authored by the Justice Roundtable, details recommendations concerning the criminal legal system: law enforcement, pre-trial and court, drug policy reform, sentencing and prison reform, reentry, clemency, and racial justice and human rights.
COVID-19 and Presidential Transition
As the U.S. battles the worst pandemic in a century and as the U.S. COVID-19 death toll surpasses 270,000, the President and Congress must come together to pass an urgently needed relief package before the end of 2020. We urge Trump administration officials to accede to an orderly transition to ensure that the incoming administration has access to all information concerning vaccines and other public health matters.
No Deployment of DHS law enforcement and Military Forces in Response to U.S. Election-Related Protests
Amnesty International has sent letters urging Acting DHS Secretary Chad Wolf and Acting Defense Secretary Christopher Miller to refrain from deploying DHS law enforcement agents and military forces, respectively, in response to any protests related to the recent U.S. presidential election. We call on all lawmakers to condemn incitement to violence; to guarantee the right to peacefully protest and dissent; and to stop gun violence and police violence.
Ethiopia’s internal turmoil reached new heights as the federal government of Prime Minister Abiy Mohammed launched a full-scale military offensive against the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) led regional government in the state of Tigray that no longer recognizes the authority of the federal government after its constitutional term was extended beyond October 10. Both sides have accused each other of atrocities and Amnesty International has already confirmed a massacre where possibly as many as 500 people in Tigray were slaughtered by forces loyal to the TPLF. The Ethiopian government confirmed it had engaged its air force and the TPLF confirmed it had launched missiles in to neighboring Eritrea and in the Ethiopian state of Amhara. Over 45,000 people have fled into neighboring Sudan and there are reports of reprisal attacks against Tigrayans in other parts of the country.
Amnesty International is calling on both Prime Minister Abiy and the de facto TPLF leadership to take steps to protect civilians, ensure that human rights are respected and allow unimpeded humanitarian access to the support internally displaced persons.
We urge Congress to provide increased humanitarian assistance to Sudan, call for respect for human rights in Ethiopia, and urge the Trump administration to assemble international, regional, and domestic leaders in Ethiopia to press for an immediate end to the hostilities and engage in inclusive dialogue to nonviolently address the underlying drivers of the conflict.
Nigeria continues to grapple with youth led demands for accountability and reform of the country’s police in particular the Special Anti-Robbery Squad (SARS) While President Buhari disbanded the unit in October, he redeployed members to other police units around the country and ignored demands for accountability for decades of abuses by SARS members. The government’s brutal response to the protests led over 17 lives lost and scores being detained. While several Nigerian states have launched inquiries in to alleged abuses the Buhari administration is arresting protest organizers, freezing their bank accounts and seizing passports.
Amnesty international is calling on Congress to support the nonviolent effort to secure police reform. In the House, we urge Members of Congress to support and pass the H. Res. 1216 which was introduced by Representatives Green (D-TX) and Castro (D-TX). In the Senate we are asking senators to join a Dear Colleague letter to President Buhari initiated by Senator Menendez (D-NJ) calling on his administration to respect the right to non-violent protest, and to implement the calls being made protestors.
Indigenous rights in the Americas under attack
On Nov. 20, Amnesty International submitted a statement for the Lantos Commission’s hearing on Indigenous rights in the Americas, documenting the threats posed by COVID-19 and large-scale economic projects to the survival of Indigenous communities across the region. Our statement is available here.
After mass rights violations by police, the Chilean people vote to formulate a new Constitution
In October 2020, Amnesty published a comprehensive investigation documenting government abuses against Chilean people during the historic social protests of 2019. A year after these protests took place, the Chilean people voted to formulate a new constitution. Amnesty International is calling for Chile to adopt a constitution based on respect of and guarantee for human rights and for structural reform to Chile’s police force.
Senate must reauthorize Violence Against Women Act Before Year’s End
The Violence Against Women Act (VAWA), which funds most programming and services in the US to combat sexual and domestic violence, remains stalled in the Senate, threatening services to survivors across the country. Two competing versions exist in the Senate. Amnesty International strongly calls for the Senate to pass S. 2843, the version of VAWA that would expand tribal jurisdiction over non-Indians to include crimes of sexual assault, stalking, sex-trafficking, and child abuse, better protecting Native American women. The competing VAWA reauthorization introduced would roll back protections for Native women, making Native women more vulnerable to violence; Amnesty International opposes this version of the bill. Amnesty International strongly urges S.2843 to be passed immediately, reauthorizing the Violence Against Women Act without delay.
28 Children at imminent risk of deportation
Twenty-eight children and their parents have been detained in ICE family detention facilities during the COVID-19 pandemic, many for nearly a year-and-a-half, and have been denied the chance to seek asylum after being subjected to rules and policies federal courts have since declared are unlawful. They are now at imminent risk of deportation. Amnesty International, along with a coalition of other organizations, is calling on Congress to tell DHS to halt the deportations and give these families the chance to seek asylum they never received. For more, see this letter.
Border expulsions of unaccompanied children declared unlawful
On Nov. 19, a district court halted summary expulsions of unaccompanied children at the border. Since a CDC order authorizing expulsions of asylum-seekers and unaccompanied children, issued under the guise of public health, went into effect in March, there have been an estimated 14,000 expulsions of unaccompanied children in violation of asylum and anti-trafficking laws. While the order does not address expulsions of asylum-seekers, the judge’s ruling cast doubt on the Trump administration’s claim that an obscure public health law gives it the authority to summarily expel and repatriate asylum-seekers and immigrants. Amnesty International has been calling on the government since March to rescind the order, which public health experts – including experts at the CDC – have opposed.
Calls to free Pastor Steven
Steven Tendo is an ordained minister who has been detained for nearly two years by ICE in the Port Isabel detention facility, where they have been outbreaks of COVID-19. He is diabetic, and inadequate medical care in detention has left him with a compromised immune system. ICE officers have been consistently telling him that he is going to soon be deported, despite an agreement not to remove him until the Fifth Circuit rules on his case. This has taken an extreme toll on his mental health and for the first time, he has high blood pressure. Amnesty calls on Congress to urge ICE to release him, so he can pursue the right to seek asylum in safety and with adequate access to medical care.
Human Rights Wins
In Case You Missed it
House Foreign Affairs Hearing on Human Rights
On December 9 at 2:00 PM ET, the House Foreign Affairs Subcommittee on Africa, Global Health, Global Human Rights and International Organizations held a hearing on International Human Rights and the Closing Civic Space. The hearing was held to highlight International Human Rights Day which commemorates the Universal Declaration of Human Rights that was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 1948. Amnesty International USA’s National Director of Advocacy and Government Affairs Joanne Lin testified and offered remarks on the state of human rights, offering recommendations to the Committee. Her testimony can be found here, and the full recording of the hearing can be found here.
Special Webinar Commemorating Human Rights Day
In advance of Human Rights Day, Amnesty International hosted a special virtual briefing marking the human rights challenges to come in 2021. The event included special opening remarks on human rights in the 117th Congress from Members of Congress. Watch the full event here.
What Should Lawmakers Do To Observe Human Rights Day?
In celebration of the 72nd anniversary of the signing of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Amnesty International urges all lawmakers to:
- Make speeches and statements calling on leaders, in the U.S. around the world, to protect peaceful protesters and to safeguard the rights to free assembly, association, and expression.
- Write letters on behalf of human rights defenders and prisoners of conscience.
Connect with us
Please don’t hesitate to reach out to any of our experts or email [email protected] for a general inquiry.
Americas, U.S. Southern Border: Charanya Krishnaswami
Middle East/North Africa: Philippe Nassif
Sub-Saharan Africa: Adotei Akwei
Surveillance, Technology, Digital Rights: Michael Kleinman
Refugees & Global Displacement / Gun Violence: Ryan Mace
Gender, Sexuality, and Identity / Indigenous Rights: Tarah Demant
National Security: Daphne Eviatar
Human Rights Defenders, Prisoners of Conscience & Individuals at Risk: Andrew Fandino
Turkey specialist: Deniz Yuksel
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