Nepal


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Nepal Human Rights

Human Rights Concerns

Nepal’s transition to peace and a democratic system in 2006 has been hampered by political instability and a succession of governments. A new constitution was adopted in 2015, but minority communities have continued to express dissatisfaction with amendments that do not adequately address discrimination.

Impunity has continued for the grave human rights abuses that were committed during the 1996-2006 civil war, including for thousands of cases of unlawful killings, disappearances, abductions, and torture. Although two transitional justice commissions were established, these have not operated with adequate transparency or in compliance with international law, and victims and families have not obtained justice.

Nepal suffered two devastating earthquakes in April 2015, which destroyed half a million homes and damaged a quarter million more. Hundreds of thousands of people continue to be denied the right to adequate housing and must endure both monsoon rains and winter weather in temporary shelters. Although some reconstruction money has been distributed, the process has been slow.

In the absence of economic opportunities at home, hundreds of thousands of Nepalis migrate abroad for work every year especially to the Gulf countries and Malaysia. Many are subjected to extortionate recruitment fees in Nepal, and forced labor, debt bondage, and other abuses in the host countries. The recruitment industry in Nepal continues to be poorly regulated, allowing for the widespread abuse of migrants’ rights.

Torture in police custody remains a problem.

Persistent abuses of economic, social, and cultural rights mean that many in Nepal live in severe poverty, with food insecurity and poor access to health and education. There are high rates of child marriage. Despite some recent progress, women, ethnic minorities, and lower castes continue to face discrimination and violence.

Nepal Newsroom



July 19, 2016 • Report

Nepal: Torture and Coerced Confessions

A new report published today by Amnesty International reveals how members of the indigenous Tharu community in Nepal’s Tarai plains were subjected to arbitrary arrests, torture and other ill-treatment at the hands of the police in connection with the killings of eight security personnel and a child in Tikapur, Kailali district, on August 24, 2015.

March 17, 2016 • Report

Annual Report: Nepal 2015/16

FEDERAL DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF NEPAL Head of State: Bidhya Devi Bhandari (replaced Ram Baran Yadav in October) Head of Government: Khadga Prasad Sharma Oli (replaced Sushil Koirala in October) A new Constitution was rushed through in the aftermath of the devastating earthquake of 25 April. Adopted in September, it was marked by human rights shortcomings …

February 22, 2016 • Press Release

Amnesty International’s Annual State of the World Report Slams Governments, Including the U.S., for Global Assault on Freedoms

On the launch of its 2015 State of the World report, Amnesty International USA urged President Obama to use his last year in office to bring U.S. laws and policies in line with international human rights standards.

February 18, 2016 • Report

Amnesty International State of the World 2015-2016

International protection of human rights is in danger of unravelling as short-term national self-interest and draconian security crackdowns have led to a wholesale assault on basic freedoms and rights, warned Amnesty International as it launched its annual assessment of human rights around the world. “Your rights are in jeopardy: they are being treated with utter contempt by many governments around the world,” said Salil Shetty, Secretary General of Amnesty International.

February 18, 2016 • Press Release

Your rights in jeopardy, global assault on freedoms, warns Amnesty International

International protection of human rights is in danger of unravelling as short-term national self-interest and draconian security crackdowns have led to a wholesale assault on basic freedoms and rights, warned Amnesty International as it launched its annual assessment of human rights around the world. “Your rights are in jeopardy: they are being treated with utter contempt by many governments around the world,” said Salil Shetty, Secretary General of Amnesty International.

September 21, 2015 • Press Release

Police restraint in Nepal urged as at least 20 more shot amid Constitution-related protests

Security forces in Nepal must refrain from using excessive force against protestors, Amnesty International said after at least twenty protesters were shot when security forces opened fire on several demonstrations against the country’s new constitution.

June 24, 2015 • Press Release

Nepal Reconstruction Must Not Leave Behind Those Most Affected by the Earthquake

The Nepali government’s decision to declare the post-earthquake relief period over as of June 22, along with its refusal to waive costly and time-consuming customs duties and procedures, could leave the most marginalized people without access to desperately needed aid, Amnesty International said ahead of tomorrow’s International Conference on Nepal’s Reconstruction.

June 1, 2015 • Press Release

Nepal: End discrimination in earthquake relief effort

Thousands in need of aid following the Nepal earthquake risk being left to fend for themselves amidst worrying signs that gender, caste and ethnic discrimination are inhibiting the aid effort, Amnesty International said in a briefing today. The organization urges authorities and the international community to put human rights at the core of the earthquake response.

June 1, 2015 • Report

Nepal: Earthquake Recovery Must Safeguard Human Rights

Interventions to support and protect Nepal’s earthquake victims and aid in their recovery must not only address the immediate need for material and psychological support, but should anticipate and address key human rights challenges. Continuing aftershocks and landslides make it clear that the earthquake in April was not a single disaster, but an ongoing emergency, …

June 1, 2015 • Report

Nepal must end discrimination in earthquake relief effort

Thousands in need of aid following the Nepal earthquake risk being left to fend for themselves amidst worrying signs that gender, caste and ethnic discrimination are inhibiting the aid effort, Amnesty International said in a briefing today. The organization urges authorities and the international community to put human rights at the core of the earthquake response.