Nepal Human Rights

Human Rights Concerns

Nepal’s transition to peace and a democratic system in 2006 has been hampered by political instability and a succession of governments. A new constitution was adopted in 2015, but minority communities have continued to express dissatisfaction with amendments that do not adequately address discrimination.

Impunity has continued for the grave human rights abuses that were committed during the 1996-2006 civil war, including for thousands of cases of unlawful killings, disappearances, abductions, and torture. Although two transitional justice commissions were established, these have not operated with adequate transparency or in compliance with international law, and victims and families have not obtained justice.

Nepal suffered two devastating earthquakes in April 2015, which destroyed half a million homes and damaged a quarter million more. Hundreds of thousands of people continue to be denied the right to adequate housing and must endure both monsoon rains and winter weather in temporary shelters. Although some reconstruction money has been distributed, the process has been slow.

In the absence of economic opportunities at home, hundreds of thousands of Nepalis migrate abroad for work every year especially to the Gulf countries and Malaysia. Many are subjected to extortionate recruitment fees in Nepal, and forced labor, debt bondage, and other abuses in the host countries. The recruitment industry in Nepal continues to be poorly regulated, allowing for the widespread abuse of migrants’ rights.

Torture in police custody remains a problem.

Persistent abuses of economic, social, and cultural rights mean that many in Nepal live in severe poverty, with food insecurity and poor access to health and education. There are high rates of child marriage. Despite some recent progress, women, ethnic minorities, and lower castes continue to face discrimination and violence.

Nepal Newsroom

July 19, 2016 • Report

Nepal: Torture and Coerced Confessions

A new report published today by Amnesty International reveals how members of the indigenous Tharu community in Nepal’s Tarai plains were subjected to arbitrary arrests, torture and other ill-treatment at the hands of the police in connection with the killings of eight security personnel and a child in Tikapur, Kailali district, on August 24, 2015.

March 17, 2016 • Report

Annual Report: Nepal 2015/16

FEDERAL DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF NEPAL Head of State: Bidhya Devi Bhandari (replaced Ram Baran Yadav in October) Head of Government: Khadga Prasad Sharma Oli (replaced Sushil Koirala in October) A …

February 18, 2016 • Report

Amnesty International State of the World 2015-2016

International protection of human rights is in danger of unravelling as short-term national self-interest and draconian security crackdowns have led to a wholesale assault on basic freedoms and rights, warned Amnesty International as it launched its annual assessment of human rights around the world. “Your rights are in jeopardy: they are being treated with utter contempt by many governments around the world,” said Salil Shetty, Secretary General of Amnesty International.

June 1, 2015 • Report

Nepal: Earthquake Recovery Must Safeguard Human Rights

Interventions to support and protect Nepal’s earthquake victims and aid in their recovery must not only address the immediate need for material and psychological support, but should anticipate and address …

June 1, 2015 • Report

Nepal must end discrimination in earthquake relief effort

Thousands in need of aid following the Nepal earthquake risk being left to fend for themselves amidst worrying signs that gender, caste and ethnic discrimination are inhibiting the aid effort, Amnesty International said in a briefing today. The organization urges authorities and the international community to put human rights at the core of the earthquake response.

February 25, 2015 • Report

State of the World 2014/2015

This has been a devastating year for those seeking to stand up for human rights and for those caught up in the suffering of war zones. Governments pay lip service to the importance of protecting civilians. And yet the world's politicians have miserably failed to protect those in greatest need. Amnesty International believes that this can and must finally change.

September 26, 2014 • Report

My Body My Rights

All over the world, people are coerced, criminalized and discriminated against, simply for making choices about their bodies and their lives. In the face of these continuing violations, Amnesty International launches MY BODY MY RIGHTS, a new global campaign to defend sexual and reproductive rights for all.

May 23, 2013 • Report

Annual Report: Nepal 2013

FEDERAL DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF NEPAL Head of state Ram Baran Yadav Head of government Baburam Bhattarai Impunity was further entrenched as the government promoted alleged perpetrators of human rights violations …

February 20, 2013 • Report

Nepal: The search for justice

Impunity is a longstanding problem in Nepal where lack of political will to account for past and present actions of the politically well-connected is compounded by other obstacles to justice, especially for those who lack financial resources or social influence.

July 7, 2011 • Report

Annual Report: Nepal 2011

Head of state: Ram Baran Yadav Head of government: Madhav Kumar Nepal (interim since June) Death penalty: abolitionist for all crimes Population: 29.9 million Life expectancy: 67.5 years Under-5 mortality …