Mozambique


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Mozambique

Mozambique’s independence from Portugal in 1975 was followed by nearly two decades of civil war until peace was achieved in 1992. After 18 years in power, President Joaquim Chissano of Mozambique’s ruling FRELIMO party stepped down and voters elected a new president, Armando Guebuza, in December 2004. Guebuza was re-elected in 2009 despite observers’ claims of irregularities and lack of transparency in the election process. The next parliamentary and presidential elections will be held on October 15, 2014.

Due mainly to international investment in natural resources, Mozambique has seen relative stability and growth until violence erupted between Mozambique’s opposition group RENAMO and the government in late 2012. The escalating violence between the ruling and opposition parties in central Mozambique has caused several civilian deaths and displaced more than 6,000 people. The parties are currently engaged in a dialogue to end the violence and review the electoral laws.

In addition to renewed conflict, the conduct of the Mozambican police continues to violate Mozambique’s constitutional protections of fundamental rights and freedoms. These include deaths in detention and extrajudicial executions of suspected criminals, as well as excessive use of force and firearms. Existing internal police accountability systems are largely ineffective, with very little follow-up to cases of human rights violations by police. Police codes of conduct and disciplinary procedures are inadequate and do not conform to international human rights standards. Limited access to justice by victims and their families is compounded by a weak and often corrupt justice system and other obstacles.

Amnesty International is particularly concerned about the rights of women and girls in Mozambique. In March 2014, Mozambique’s National Assembly is expected to consider a pre-approved draft law allowing rapists to escape prosecution by marrying their victims. The draft law represents a huge step backwards for women and girls in Mozambique and encourages impunity. It violates the right of access to justice, bodily integrity, non-discrimination, and the right not to be subjected to torture, cruel, inhuman, and degrading treatment or punishment. Amnesty International calls on the Mozambican authorities to protect the rights of women and girls by not passing this law.

Mozambique Newsroom



June 7, 2018 • Press Release

Mozambique: End brutal killing spree by armed group

The Mozambican authorities must take immediate steps to end a killing spree in the Cabo Delgado Province, which has seen at least 37 people brutally killed by a group known as ‘Al-Shabab’ in the past two weeks, Amnesty International said today. The organization said that an increasing number of people are fleeing their homes in …

March 28, 2018 • Report

Irresponsible Chinese mining operation threatens to wipe out coastal village in Mozambique

An irresponsible Chinese mining operation in Mozambique has put an entire coastal village of more than a thousand people at serious risk of being washed into the Indian Ocean, Amnesty International revealed today in a new report. Our lives mean nothing: the human cost of Chinese mining in Nagonha, Mozambique exposes how the operations of …

February 22, 2016 • Press Release

Amnesty International’s Annual State of the World Report Slams Governments, Including the U.S., for Global Assault on Freedoms

On the launch of its 2015 State of the World report, Amnesty International USA urged President Obama to use his last year in office to bring U.S. laws and policies in line with international human rights standards.

February 18, 2016 • Press Release

Your rights in jeopardy, global assault on freedoms, warns Amnesty International

International protection of human rights is in danger of unravelling as short-term national self-interest and draconian security crackdowns have led to a wholesale assault on basic freedoms and rights, warned Amnesty International as it launched its annual assessment of human rights around the world. “Your rights are in jeopardy: they are being treated with utter contempt by many governments around the world,” said Salil Shetty, Secretary General of Amnesty International.

February 18, 2016 • Report

Amnesty International State of the World 2015-2016

International protection of human rights is in danger of unravelling as short-term national self-interest and draconian security crackdowns have led to a wholesale assault on basic freedoms and rights, warned Amnesty International as it launched its annual assessment of human rights around the world. “Your rights are in jeopardy: they are being treated with utter contempt by many governments around the world,” said Salil Shetty, Secretary General of Amnesty International.

September 15, 2015 • Press Release

Conviction of academic and editor in Mozambique over Facebook post would set dangerous precedent

Mozambican authorities must immediately and unconditionally drop criminal charges against Carlos Nuno Castel-Branco and Fernando Mbanze over a Facebook post that criticized the then president, Amnesty International said today ahead of the court’s final decision on the case on September 16, 2015.

February 25, 2015 • Report

State of the World 2014/2015

This has been a devastating year for those seeking to stand up for human rights and for those caught up in the suffering of war zones. Governments pay lip service to the importance of protecting civilians. And yet the world's politicians have miserably failed to protect those in greatest need. Amnesty International believes that this can and must finally change.

May 21, 2013 • Report

Annual Report: Mozambique 2013

REPUBLIC OF MOZAMBIQUE Head of state Armando Emílio Guebuza Head of government Alberto Vaquina (replaced Aires Ali) People were subject to arbitrary arrest and detention by police, and prolonged detention without trial. Excessive use of force by police was reported. Appalling conditions in prisons led to riots. Background On 8 March a shoot-out between police …

June 28, 2011 • Report

Annual Report: Mozambique 2011

Head of state: Armando Guebuza Head of government: Aires Bonifacio Baptista Ali (replaced Luísa Días Diogo in January) Death penalty: abolitionist for all crimes Population: 23.4 million Life expectancy: 48.4 years Under-5 mortality (m/f): 162/144 per 1,000 Adult literacy: 54 per cent The police committed human rights violations including extrajudicial executions and arbitrary arrests. Police …

March 19, 2011 • Report

Annual Report: Mozambique 2010

Head of state Armando Guebuza Head of government Luisa Diogo Death penalty abolitionist for all crimes Population 22.9 million Life expectancy 47.8 years Under-5 mortality (m/f) 162/144 per 1,000 Adult literacy 44.4 per cent Police used excessive force during demonstrations and to apprehend suspects. Thirteen detainees died of asphyxiation in an overcrowded police cell; two …