The following information is based on the Amnesty International Report 2021/22. This report documented the human rights situation in 149 countries in 2021, as well as providing global and regional analysis. It presents Amnesty International’s concerns and calls for action to governments and others. 

LIBYA 2021

Militias, armed groups and security forces continue to arbitrarily detain thousands of people, some now for over a decade, without allowing them to challenge the lawfulness of their detention. Scores of journalists, politicians, government employees and civil society activists have been abducted, forcibly disappeared and tortured or otherwise ill-treated on the basis of their actual or perceived political, regional or tribal affiliation and/or activism connected to planned elections. Militias and armed groups killed and wounded civilians and destroyed civilian property during sporadic, localized clashes. Attacks by armed groups on water infrastructure have undermined access to clean water for millions of people. Authorities continued to integrate into state institutions and fund militias and armed groups responsible for war crimes and serious human rights violations. Authorities continue to fail to protect women, girls and LGBTI people from sexual and gender-based violence or to address discrimination. Ethnic minorities and internally displaced people face barriers in accessing education and healthcare. Militias and security forces have used unlawful lethal force and other violence to arbitrarily arrest thousands of migrants and refugees, while EU-backed Libyan coastguards have intercepted at sea thousands of others and forcibly returned them to detention in Libya. Detained migrants and refugees have been subjected to torture, unlawful killings, sexual violence and forced labour. Military courts have convicted scores of civilians in grossly unfair trials.


Libya Newsroom

March 31, 2022 • Press Release

State-Financed Militia Must Be Held to Account for Extrajudicial Execution in Misratah, Libya

A shocking video depicting an extrajudicial execution by the Joint Operations Force (JOF), a state-financed militia also known as al-Moshtaraka, offers a grim reminder of the deadly consequences of impunity for militias and armed groups in Libya, Amnesty International said today.

September 24, 2020 • Report

New evidence shows refugees and migrants in Libya trapped in horrific cycle of abuses

Tens of thousands of refugees and migrants in Libya are trapped in a vicious cycle of cruelty with little to no hope of finding safe and legal pathways out, Amnesty International said …

February 26, 2019 • Report

Human rights in the Middle East and North Africa: A review of 2018

The international community’s chilling complacency towards wide-scale human rights violations in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) has emboldened governments to commit appalling violations during 2018 by giving them …

April 18, 2018 • Report

Trump threat puts European role in lethal US drone strikes under new scrutiny

As the Trump administration prepares to further expand the US’s lethal drone program, increasing the risk of civilian casualties and unlawful killings, Amnesty International is calling on four European countries …

December 11, 2017 • Report

Libya: European governments complicit in horrific abuse of refugees and migrants

European governments are knowingly “complicit” in the torture and exploitation of tens of thousands of refugees and migrants detained by the Libyan immigration authorities in appalling conditions, said Amnesty International today, in the wake of global outrage over the sale of migrants in human auctions in Libya.

July 5, 2017 • Report

A perfect storm: The failure of European policies in the Central Mediterranean

The soaring death toll in the central Mediterranean and the horrific abuses faced by thousands of refugees and migrants in Libyan detention centers are clearly linked to failing EU policies, said Amnesty International in a report published today.

February 18, 2016 • Report

Amnesty International State of the World 2015-2016

International protection of human rights is in danger of unravelling as short-term national self-interest and draconian security crackdowns have led to a wholesale assault on basic freedoms and rights, warned Amnesty International as it launched its annual assessment of human rights around the world. “Your rights are in jeopardy: they are being treated with utter contempt by many governments around the world,” said Salil Shetty, Secretary General of Amnesty International.

May 8, 2015 • Report

“Libya is Full of Cruelty:” Stories of Abduction, Sexual Violence and Abuse from Migrants and Refugees

Refugees and migrants across Libya face rape, torture and abductions for ransom by traffickers and smugglers, as well as systematic exploitation by their employers, religious persecution and other abuses by armed groups and criminal gangs, according to a new Amnesty International briefing published today.

February 25, 2015 • Report

State of the World 2014/2015

This has been a devastating year for those seeking to stand up for human rights and for those caught up in the suffering of war zones. Governments pay lip service to the importance of protecting civilians. And yet the world's politicians have miserably failed to protect those in greatest need. Amnesty International believes that this can and must finally change.

January 27, 2015 • Report

Benghazi’s Descent into Chaos: Abductions, Summary Killings and Other Abuses

Targeted UN sanctions and accountability, including through the International Criminal Court (ICC), are urgently needed to end rampant abductions, torture, summary killings and other abuses by rival forces in Libya, some of which amount to war crimes.