Central African Republic


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Human Rights in Central African Republic

Human Rights Concerns

The Central African Republic (CAR) is currently experiencing a human rights and humanitarian crisis of historic proportions. Amnesty International researchers have documented that war crimes, crimes against humanity, ethnic cleansing and sectarian killings are occurring as Muslim civilians continue to come under violent attacks from anti-balaka Christian militia groups. The current crisis began in December 2012 when the predominantly Muslim armed coalition Séléka launched an armed offensive against the government of François Bozizé that culminated in his removal from power in March 2013. After gaining power, Séléka forces continued to commit human rights abuses against the majority Christian civilian population including massacres, extrajudicial executions, rape, torture, looting and massive burning and destruction of villages.

Séléka's leader, Michel Djotodia, resigned from the Presidency on January 10, 2014 after significant international pressure. Séléka forces then began to withdraw from cities and towns throughout the CAR as they retreated back to the northern part of the country leaving a power vacuum which the anti-balaka militia groups filled by carrying out deadly attacks against Muslim communities and civilians in a deadly tit-for-tat that has resulted in a mass exodus of Muslims out of the country. Once vibrant Muslim communities in towns and cities throughout the country have been completely destroyed as all Muslim members have either been killed or driven away. Those few left behind live in fear that they will be attacked by anti-balaka groups in their towns or on the roads. While an African Union peacekeeping force, the African-led International Support Mission to the Central African Republic (MISCA), supported by French troops, has been deployed in the country since early December 2013, they have failed to adequately protect civilians and prevent the current ethnic cleansing from taking place. The urgency of the situation demands that the international community take all measures to respond to the crisis in the CAR, protect the civilian population, deploy to threatened areas and stop the forced exodus of Muslims from their homes.

Central African Republic Newsroom



January 10, 2017 • Report

The long wait for justice: Accountability in Central African Republic

Individuals suspected of committing war crimes including killing and rape during the conflict in the Central African Republic (CAR) are evading investigation and arrest, and in some cases live side by side with their victims, Amnesty International said in a new report released today.

February 18, 2016 • Report

Amnesty International State of the World 2015-2016

International protection of human rights is in danger of unravelling as short-term national self-interest and draconian security crackdowns have led to a wholesale assault on basic freedoms and rights, warned Amnesty International as it launched its annual assessment of human rights around the world. “Your rights are in jeopardy: they are being treated with utter contempt by many governments around the world,” said Salil Shetty, Secretary General of Amnesty International.

February 5, 2016 • Report

Mandated to Protect, Equipped to Succeed? Strengthening Peacekeeping in Central African Republic

Civilians in Central African Republic (CAR) remain at risk of deadly violence and instability unless serious weaknesses in the United Nation’s peacekeeping mission, MINUSCA, are urgently addressed, Amnesty International said in a new report published today.

September 29, 2015 • Report

Chains of Abuse: The Global Diamond Supply Chain and the Case of the Central African Republic

The Central African Republic’s (CAR) biggest traders have purchased diamonds worth several million dollars without adequately investigating whether they financed armed groups responsible for summary executions, rape, enforced disappearances and widespread looting, Amnesty International said in a report published today.

February 25, 2015 • Report

State of the World 2014/2015

This has been a devastating year for those seeking to stand up for human rights and for those caught up in the suffering of war zones. Governments pay lip service to the importance of protecting civilians. And yet the world's politicians have miserably failed to protect those in greatest need. Amnesty International believes that this can and must finally change.

February 12, 2014 • Report

Ethnic Cleansing and Sectarian Killings in the Central African Republic

"Ethnic cleansing" of Muslims has been carried out in the western part of the Central African Republic, the most populous part of the country, since early January 2014.

May 17, 2013 • Report

Annual Report: Central African Republic 2013

Central African Republic Head of state François Bozizé Head of government Faustin Archange Touadéra The people of the Central African Republic remained at grave risk of abuse and violence, as …

October 20, 2011 • Report

Central African Republic: Civilians bear the brunt of decades of violence and abuses

The people of the Central African Republic have suffered decades of violence and human rights abuse. Government forces, armed groups and criminal gangs have killed unarmed men, women and children with impunity. Women and girls have been raped, homes and granaries destroyed. The catalogue of violations and abuses includes abductions for ransom, arbitrary arrests, enforced disappearances and torture. Amnesty International is calling for action, led and coordinated by the African Union and involving local and foreign governments and groups, to protect civilians and end impunity in the Central African Republic.

March 19, 2011 • Report

Annual Report: Central African Republic 2010

Head of state François Bozizé Head of government Faustin Archange Touadéra Death penalty abolitionist in practice Population 4.4 million Life expectancy 46.7 years Under-5 mortality (m/f) 196/163 per 1,000 Adult …

April 7, 2020 • Press Release

Armed conflicts and state repression in Africa fuel cocktail of human rights violations

HUMAN RIGHTS IN AFRICA: Protesters across sub-Saharan Africa have braved bullets and beatings to defend their rights in the face of continuing conflict and state repression, Amnesty International said today …