The over 6 million residents of Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR) presently face a range of human rights violations. In particular, in late 2009 and early 2010, approximately 4,500 Lao Hmong asylum-seekers were forcibly repatriated from Thailand. Other human rights concerns include constriction freedom of expression, assembly, and religion. Increasingly forced evictions and displacement are emerging in the context of expanding state control of natural resources. Reports about conditions in Lao PDR prisons continue to suggest overcrowding and routine brutality. Denial of access by independent rights monitors complicates AI's work on the Lao PDR, and signals the need for continued activism and lobbying by those concerned with human rights in the country.