Myanmar: The repression of ethnic minority activists in Myanmar

Report
February 16, 2010

Myanmar: The repression of ethnic minority activists in Myanmar

54 Approximately $15 USD.

55 Article 34 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, which Myanmar acceded to in 1991, states that "States Parties undertake to protect the child from all forms of sexual exploitation and sexual abuse. For these purposes, States Parties shall in particular take all appropriate national, bilateral and multilateral measures to prevent: (a) The inducement or coercion of a child to engage in any unlawful sexual activity; (b) The exploitative use of children in prostitution or other unlawful sexual practices; (c) The exploitative use of children in pornographic performances and materials. Myanmar acceded to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women in 1997.

56 In his report to the UN General Assembly in August 2009, the UN Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar stated that he "has also received reliable information regarding the closure of churches in Chin State hindering the Christians from practicing their religion, and calls upon the Government to ensure that ethnic minorities are granted fundamental rights, as enshrined in the Declaration on the Rights of Persons Belonging to National or Ethnic, Religious, or Linguistic Minorities and article 30 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child" (p. 17). Report of the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar to the UN General Assembly, 24 August 2009 (A/64/318).

57 Among recent credible reports of development and infrastructure projects in ethnic minority states in Myanmar are: Corridor of Power: China's Trans-Burma Oil and Gas Pipelines, Shwe Gas Movement, September 2009; From Grassroots to Global: Voices of Burma on Earth Rights Abuses, Earth Rights International, August 2009; Roots and Resilience: Tasang dam threatens war-torn Shan communities, Shan Sapawa Environment Organization, July 2009; Laid Waste: Human Rights along the Kanbauk to Myaing Kalay Gas Pipeline, Human Rights Foundation of Monland, May 2009; Dammed by Burma's Generals: The Karenni Experience with Hydropower Development -- from Lawpita to the Salween; Karenni Development Research Group, 2006.

58 See letter from Nyi Pu, Gwa township Member of Parliament and Chair, Arakan State Organizing Committee, NLD, to Professor Paulo Sergio Pinheiro, Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, Subject: Presenting human rights in Arakan (Rakhin) State, 11 November 2007.