- The European Court of Human Rights rejected Sylvère Ahorugeze's appeal against the Swedish government's decision to extradite him to Rwanda. He remained in Denmark at the year's end.
- Charles Bandora's extradition to Rwanda was pending. His case had passed through all stages of Norway's criminal justice system. His final appeal was pending.
Impunity for war crimes and crimes against humanity
The authorities did not investigate or prosecute allegations of war crimes and crimes against humanity committed by the Rwandan army in Rwanda and also the DRC, as documented in the UN Mapping Report.
Refugees and asylum-seekers
The implementation of a cessation clause for Rwandan refugees, invoked on 31 December 2011 by UNHCR, the UN refugee agency, was delayed until June 2013. Under the clause, refugees who left Rwanda up to and including 1998 would lose their status, but should be interviewed to establish any individual grounds for continued fear of persecution in Rwanda.
Prisoners of conscience
- Charles Ntakirutinka, a former Rwandan government minister and prisoner of conscience, was released on 1 March after serving a 10-year sentence following an unfair trial. He was arrested in April 2002 during a crackdown before the 2003 presidential elections, and convicted of “inciting civil disobedience” and “association with criminal elements”.
Amnesty International visits/reports
- Amnesty International delegates visited Rwanda in February, March and June. An Amnesty International observer monitored Victoire Ingabire's trial in March and April.
- Rwanda: Briefing to the UN Committee Against Torture (AFR 47/003/2012)
- Rwanda: Shrouded in secrecy – illegal detention and torture by military intelligence (AFR 47/004/2012)
- Rwanda urged to end clampdown on dissent as Charles Ntakirutinka released (PRE01/113/2012)
- Rwanda must investigate unlawful detention and torture by military intelligence (PRE01/464/2012)
- Rwanda: Ensure appeal after unfair Ingabire trial (PRE01/523/2012)