(New York) – The Israeli government's announcement that it is to expand settlements in the West Bank in response to the United Nations vote on Palestinian statehood violates human rights and international humanitarian law, Amnesty International said today.
"Settlement construction is the cause of forced displacement, and is a flagrant violation of international law," said Ann Harrison, deputy director for the Middle East and North Africa at Amnesty International. “Israel must immediately halt all construction of settlements and related infrastructure as a first step towards removing all settlers from the occupied territories.” Article 49 of the Fourth Geneva Convention prohibits an occupying power from transferring its own civilian population into the territory it occupies.
"We urge the United States government to clearly express its serious concern to ensure that the Israeli government uphold its human rights obligations," said Suzanne Nossel, executive director, Amnesty International USA. “Building settlements violates the rights of Palestinians in the occupied West Bank, and is prohibited in all circumstances.”
Israel said on Friday that it had authorized an additional 3,000 housing units to build or expand settlements in unidentified locations in the occupied West Bank – a day after Palestine was recognized as a non-member observer state of the United Nations (U.N.) by a vote at the U.N. General Assembly in New York.
According to reports, some other proposals for expansions will be in a strategic area known as E1, which lies between East Jerusalem and the Ma’ale Adumim settlement. The Israeli army already has plans to forcibly evict and transfer 20 Palestinian communities - some 2,300 people who are mostly Jahalin Bedouin - from their homes in E1 and the area of the Ma’ale Adumim settlement bloc.
Israeli authorities have not consulted with the communities, and the residents oppose the move. The majority of houses and structures in these communities have demolition orders.
Since the U.N. General Assembly vote last Thursday, settlers near the Bedouin communities are reported to have stepped up their tactics of harassment and violence. According to residents, children and shepherds have been attacked, and the settlers play loud music and shine spotlights on the Bedouin villages.
The Jahalin have been displaced numerous times since 1948, when they became refugees from their lands in what became the State of Israel.
Israel’s settlement policy in the Occupied Palestinian Territories (OPT) is characterized by discrimination on grounds of nationality, ethnicity and religion. Settlements built on Palestinian lands are for Jews only, who are entitled to Israeli nationality and the protection of Israeli law even if they are migrants from other countries who go to live in settlements in the OPT without ever having resided in the State of Israel. Settlers also receive substantial financial and other benefits, and are allowed to exploit land and natural resources that belong to the Palestinian population.
Palestinians, who are subject to military law rather than Israeli civilian law, are not allowed to enter or approach Israeli settlements or to use settlers’ roads, thus prohibiting them from vital resources and restricting their movement.
Construction of settlements in the occupied West Bank has continued throughout 2012. Most recently, on November 6, 2012, the Ministry of Housing tendered for the construction of 1,285 units in East Jerusalem and the settlement of Ariel, in the northern West Bank.
Israel has previously announced new plans for settlement expansion in reaction to Palestinian diplomatic initiatives at the U.N.
On November 3, 2011, following Palestine’s admission into United Nations Economic, Social and Cultural Organization UNESCO, the Israeli government announced that around 2,000 new homes would be built in East Jerusalem and in the West Bank settlements of Efrat and Ma’ale Adumim.
Twelve days later, on November 15, 2011, the Ministry of Housing published tenders for 2,230 new housing units beyond the Green Line (the 1949 Armistice Line).
Amnesty International is a Nobel Peace Prize-winning grassroots activist organization with more than 3 million supporters, activists and volunteers in more than 150 countries campaigning for human rights worldwide. The organization investigates and exposes abuses, educates and mobilizes the public, and works to protect people wherever justice, freedom, truth and dignity are denied.