Brunei Darussalam

Background

Under a 1962 state of emergency, constitutional provisions safeguarding fundamental liberties remained suspended. The monarch, Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah, continued to exercise a wide range of executive powers, holding the offices of Prime Minister, Defence Minister, Finance Minister and head of the police. In July the Sultan ordered the reconvening of an appointed Legislative Council (last convened in 1984). The Council approved a constitutional amendment opening the way for the creation of a 45-member parliament, including 15 elected representatives.

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Brunei Darussalam’s shocking new Penal Code will take the country back to the dark ages when it comes to human rights.