Spain: Out of the shadows - Time to end incommunicado detention

Report
September 15, 2009

Spain: Out of the shadows - Time to end incommunicado detention

9 Albert Womah Mukong v. Cameroon, (458/1991), 21 July 1994, UN Doc. CCPR/C/51/D/458/1991 at para 9.4; El-Megreisi v. Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, (440/1990), 23 March 1994, UN Doc. CCPR/C/50/D/440/1990, at para 5.4.

10 Human Rights Committee General Comment 20, para.11

11 Report of the Special Rapporteur on torture, UN Doc. E/CN.4/1995/34, para. 926(d)

12 A/53/44 Conclusions and recommendations of the Committee against Torture Spain, 1997, para 131.

13 Ibid, para 135.

14 Concluding observations of the Human Rights Committee, SPAIN, UN Doc: CCPR/C/79/Add.61, 3 April 1996, at paras 12 and 18.

15 Draft Concluding observations of the Human Rights Committee, SPAIN, UN Doc: CCPR/C/ESP/CO/5, 27 October 2008, para 14.

16 CAT/C/CR/29/3 23 December 2002 Conclusions and recommendations of the Committee against Torture SPAIN, para 10.

17 E/CN.4/2004/56/Add.2, 6 February 2004 Report of the Special Rapporteur on the question of torture, Addendum, VISIT TO SPAIN, para 41.

18 Ibid, para 66.

19 UN Doc: A/HRC/7/3/Add.2, para 561.

20 A/HRC/10/3/Add.2, 16 December 2008 Report of the Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms while countering terrorism, paras 22 – 23, 36 - 37.

21 Ibid, para 32.

22 Ibid, para 63.

23 In this paper, the term "police" is used to refer to all public police forces in Spain including those at the national, autonomous regional and local level, and the Civil Guard.