In February, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) revised its policy on Taser deployment, limiting Taser use to situations where there is a "threat to public or officer safety".
A public inquiry into the death in 2007 of Robert Dziekanski after he was stunned by a Taser continued in British Columbia. The provincial government accepted all the recommendations in the inquiry's July interim report, including raising the threshold for police use of Tasers from the standard of "active resistance" to "causing bodily harm".
In October, the RCMP and other police forces across Canada adopted directives that officers should not aim Tasers at the chests of individuals.
In March, the government was ordered by the Federal Court to reverse its decision not to seek clemency for Ronald Smith, a Canadian citizen who was sentenced to death in 1983 in the USA.
In May, Désiré Munyaneza, a Rwandan national, was sentenced to life imprisonment for genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity by a court in Quebec. In November, the government charged a second Rwandan national, Jacques Mungwarere, with genocide.
A new corporate social responsibility strategy announced by the government in March failed to include binding human rights requirements. Legislation to develop a human rights framework for the overseas operations of Canadian companies active in the oil, gas and mining sector was pending at the end of the year.
Amnesty International reports"A place to regain who we are" – Grassy Narrows First Nation, Canada (21 June 2009)
"Pushed to the edge" – The land rights of Indigenous Peoples in Canada (9 September 2009)
"Fighting for the future of our children" – Indigenous rights in the Sacred Headwaters region, British Columbia, Canada (9 September 2009)
Connecting our past to our future – The Long Point First Nation of Canada (16 September 2009)
No more stolen sisters ? The need for a comprehensive response to discrimination and violence against Indigenous women in Canada (30 September 2009)