Urgent Action Update: Two Men At Risk of Execution (Bahrain: UA 69.17)

On 6 May 2019, the Bahraini Court of Cassation upheld the convictions and death sentences of Ali Mohamed Hakeem al-Arab and Ahmed Issa Ahmed al-Malali. The two men were convicted of offenses which include “forming and joining a ‘terrorist’ group”, following an unfair mass trial. Both men were tortured. The death sentences will now go to the King for ratification.



  1. Write a letter in your own words or using the sample below as a guide to one or both government officials listed. You can also email, fax, call or Tweet them.
  2. Click here to let us know the actions you took on Urgent Action 69.17. It’s important to report because we share the total number with the officials we are trying to persuade and the people we are trying to help.
Sheikh Hamad bin ‘Issa Al Khalifa
King of Bahrain
Office of His Majesty the King
P.O. Box 555
Rifa’a Palace, al-Manama, Bahrain
Fax: +973 1766 4587
Ambassador Shaikh Abdullah bin Rashed bin Abdullah Al Khalifa
Embassy of the Kingdom of Bahrain
3502 International Drive NW, Washington DC 20008
Phone: 1 202 342 1111 I Fax: 1 202 362 2192
Email: [email protected]
Twitter: @BahrainEmbDC
Salutation: Dear Ambassador

Your Highness,

On 6 May 2019 the Court of Cassation upheld Ali Mohamed Hakeem al-Arab and Ahmed Issa Ahmed al-Malali’s convictions and death sentences. The Fourth High Criminal Court in Bahrain had convicted the two men of offenses which include “forming and joining a ‘terrorist’ group”, after a mass trial involving 60 people in January 2018. A year later, on 28 January 2019 their sentences were upheld on appeal. Security officers tortured and ill-treated the two men to force them to sign “confessions” they had not read.

In a December 2018 letter, a group of United Nations experts stated that they were “extremely concerned by allegations that confessions implicating several defendants were obtained under torture and used as evidence in court.” The defendants in the letter included Ali al-Arab and Ahmed al-Malali.

I call upon your Highness not to ratify the death sentences imposed on the two men and ensure they are not executed. I urge you to order a retrial that fully complies with international fair trial standards, excludes evidence obtained under torture and without recourse to the death penalty; and to carry out an independent and impartial investigation into their allegations of torture. I acknowledge the authorities’ duty to prevent crime and bring those responsible to justice, but emphasize that this should always be done in accordance with Bahrain’s international human rights obligations; and urge you to commute all death sentences to terms of imprisonment and immediately establish an official moratorium on executions with a view to abolishing the death penalty.

Kind regards,