Amnesty International USA and nine other organizations press President Biden to speed evacuationsAugust 20, 2021
On August 20, 2021, Amnesty International USA joined nine other organizations to press President Biden to speed evacuations of Afghanistan’s most vulnerable people. Civil society workers, journalists, academics, women’s rights and other activists, former exchange students, and Afghans who worked with U.S., ISAF, and NATO military forces remain at grave risk of retaliatory violence at the hands of the Taliban. The United States has been party to the conflict in Afghanistan for nearly 20 years. U.S. officials have a fundamental responsibility to evacuate these people to safety. Yet even if the Biden administration meets its stated goal of evacuating up to 9,000 people per day, it is unlikely to meet this responsibility.
In this open letter, we call on the President to ensure that U.S. personnel remain on the ground until the most vulnerable Afghans are safely out of the country. If that requires operating the evacuation operation beyond August 31st, the President should do so. We further call on the White House secure Hamid Karzai International Airport and provide safe passage to fleeing Afghans. Finally, the Biden Administration must work with partners in civil society and the private sector to ramp-up the number of flights departing and the number of people on every flight.
August 20, 2021
President Joseph R. Biden
1600 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW
Dear President Biden:
We the undersigned represent a diverse collection of organizations and individuals deeply committed to the rights, safety, and well-being of vulnerable people across Afghanistan. Though our expertise and our approaches vary, we stand unified in the belief that your administration must urgently do more to evacuate Afghanistan’s most vulnerable people from harm’s way.
We understand that evacuations remain difficult given the volatile conditions on the ground and know many in your administration are working around the clock to secure the safe departure of those seeking to flee Afghanistan. But we are deeply troubled that the ongoing approach risks jeopardizing the lives of thousands of Afghans.
Some of these individuals have previously worked with U.S., ISAF, and NATO military forces. Others are civil society workers, journalists, academics, women’s rights and other activists, former exchange students, and others who were employed by U.S. media or nongovernmental organizations. Others still have no ties to the United States beyond their willingness to have risked their own lives for democracy, human rights, human dignity, and other values for which the U.S. government has long expressed support. Some will simply be targeted because they belong to a particular religious or ethnic group or because of their sexual orientation or gender
identity. All face the credible threat of retaliation from the Taliban for their beliefs, their associations, or simply for being who they are.
We firmly believe the United States has a responsibility to safely evacuate these individuals. Yet, under current conditions, the United States is not on track to evacuate many of these individuals it is capable of bringing out of the country. The security environment surrounding Hamid Karzai International Airport remains unstable, preventing many Afghan and international civilians from safely arriving for their evacuation flights. There are credible reports of Afghans being beaten by Taliban fighters as they seek to flee the city. Even if the evacuation operation were to reach the administration’s stated target of airlifting between 5,000 and 9,000 people per day, many people whose lives are at risk would still be unlikely to be able to leave.
Given these conditions, we call on you to:
- Plan for US forces to remain on the ground until the most-vulnerable Afghans are safely out of the country, including past August 31;
- Work with partners and allies to assist in the safe passage to the airport for those seeking to depart;
- Work with partners and allies so that the airport itself remains safe, operational, and supplied with infrastructure necessary to support departing Afghan and foreign nationals;
- Work with civil society groups, non-governmental organizations, and the private sector to ramp-up capacity and coordination of evacuation efforts beyond the originally stated goal of 5,000 – 9,000 people per day; and
- Take all feasible measures to ensure that all flights leaving Afghanistan are full.
Failure to take the actions outlined above will heighten the risk to the lives of thousands who face an already dire human rights and humanitarian catastrophe. It is imperative that the United States develop a more effective evacuation operation and continue it as long as necessary to bring about the safe departure of all those in Afghanistan most at risk. We stand ready to work with you to make this a reality.
Paul O’Brien, Executive Director, Amnesty International USA
Wade Trimmer President The Change Reaction
Michael Abramowitz, President, Freedom House
Mark Hetfield, President & CEO, HIAS
Jennifer Quigley, Senior Director, Human Rights First
Sarah Holewinski, Washington Director, Human Rights Watch
Krish Vignarajah, President & CEO, LIRS
Betsy Fisher, Director of Strategy, IRAP
Stephen Heintz, President and CEO, Rockefeller Brothers Fund
Robert Quinn, Executive Director, Scholars at Risk Network