Congo


Share
Share

Human Rights in Congo

Human Rights Concerns

President Dennis Sassou Nguesso has served as President since 1997 and, prior to that, between 1979 and 1992. He has been in power for over 40 years by severely repressing and jailing any political opposition. The Republic of Congo continues to be a poor country. Corruption and decades of political instability have contributed to its poor economy and high levels of poverty.

Arbitrary detention and abuse by security forces

Political opponents, human rights defenders and activists faced intimidation, harassment, and arbitrary detention. Abuses by security forces are frequently reported by rarely investigated.

Human rights and non-government organizations (NGOs) investigate abuses by the government and security forces, but also self-censor to avoid reprisals. Religious figures are also known to self-censor.

Freedoms of expression and assembly

The government undermined the rights to freedom of expression and peaceful assembly in its response to the COVID-19 pandemic. While a variety of media operate in the country, independent coverage is limited by widespread self-censorship and the influence of the owners.

Right to health

Crucial health care facilities lacked adequate equipment. This prevented the population from fully enjoying their right to health.

Health workers

Health workers complained about the lack of personal protective equipment (PPE) to protect them from COVID-19. On March 30, 2020, the government declared a state of emergency, which established measures to respond to the COVID-19 pandemic, including curfews, border closures and mandatory wearing of face masks. At the end of the year, curfews remained in place in the capital, Brazzaville, and in Pointe-Noire.

Indigenous Peoples

According to the report of the UN Special Rapporteur on the rights of Indigenous Peoples published in July,2020, despite progressive legislation adopted in recent years, Indigenous Peoples’ rights communities continued to face high levels of discrimination, and land rights issues remain unresolved. Illiteracy is widespread, as is access to justice and employment with decent wages. Access to sexual and reproductive health care is limited. Gender-based violence, including rape and early marriage, are ongoing issues. Maternal and infant mortality rates were high. Food insecurity remains an issue.

Congo Newsroom



February 18, 2016 • Report

Amnesty International State of the World 2015-2016

International protection of human rights is in danger of unravelling as short-term national self-interest and draconian security crackdowns have led to a wholesale assault on basic freedoms and rights, warned Amnesty International as it launched its annual assessment of human rights around the world. “Your rights are in jeopardy: they are being treated with utter contempt by many governments around the world,” said Salil Shetty, Secretary General of Amnesty International.

February 25, 2015 • Report

State of the World 2014/2015

This has been a devastating year for those seeking to stand up for human rights and for those caught up in the suffering of war zones. Governments pay lip service to the importance of protecting civilians. And yet the world's politicians have miserably failed to protect those in greatest need. Amnesty International believes that this can and must finally change.

May 17, 2013 • Report

Annual Report: Congo 2013

REPUBLIC OF CONGO Head of state and government Denis Sassou-N’Guesso Torture and other ill-treatment by members of the security forces were reported, in some cases leading to deaths. Three asylum-seekers …

June 16, 2011 • Report

Annual Report: Congo (Republic Of) 2011

Head of state and government: Denis Sassou-Nguesso Death penalty: abolitionist in practice Population: 3.8 million Life expectancy: 53.9 years Under-5 mortality (m/f): 45/34 per 1,000 Adult literacy: 135/122 per 1,000 …

March 19, 2011 • Report

Annual Report: Republic of the Congo 2010

Head of state and government Denis Sassou-Nguesso (replaced Isidore Mvouba as head of government in September) Death penalty abolitionist in practice Population 3.7 million Life expectancy 53.5 years Under-5 mortality …

March 19, 2011 • Report

Annual Report: Congo (Dem. Rep. of) 2010

Head of state Joseph Kabila Head of government Adolphe Muzito Death penalty retentionist Population 66 million Life expectancy 47.6 years Under-5 mortality (m /f) 209/187 per 1,000 Adult literacy 67.2 …

April 20, 2020 • Press Release

Protect Detainees at Risk of COVID-19 in Sub-Saharan Africa, Unclog Prisons and Release Prisoners of Conscience

Authorities in Sub-Saharan Africa must take urgent action to protect people in detention from COVID-19, including releasing prisoners of conscience, reviewing cases of pre-trial detention, and guaranteeing access to healthcare and sanitation products in all facilities, Amnesty International said today.

April 18, 2016 • Press Release

Republic of Congo: Air strikes hit residential areas including schools

Air strikes on residential areas in the south eastern Pool region of Congo that have reportedly resulted in deaths, casualties and the destruction of properties, including churches, schools and medical facilities represent an unlawful use of lethal force by the security forces, Amnesty International said today.

February 22, 2016 • Press Release

Amnesty International’s Annual State of the World Report Slams Governments, Including the U.S., for Global Assault on Freedoms

On the launch of its 2015 State of the World report, Amnesty International USA urged President Obama to use his last year in office to bring U.S. laws and policies in line with international human rights standards.

February 18, 2016 • Press Release

Your rights in jeopardy, global assault on freedoms, warns Amnesty International

International protection of human rights is in danger of unravelling as short-term national self-interest and draconian security crackdowns have led to a wholesale assault on basic freedoms and rights, warned Amnesty International as it launched its annual assessment of human rights around the world. “Your rights are in jeopardy: they are being treated with utter contempt by many governments around the world,” said Salil Shetty, Secretary General of Amnesty International.

DONATE