USA: Jailed Without Justice

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March 25, 2009

USA: Jailed Without Justice

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[13] This is an estimate, since the exact numbers are not known. See, for example, Migration Policy Institute, Annual Immigration to the United States: The Real Numbers, No. 16, May 2007, available at: http://www.migrationpolicy.org/pubs/FS16_USImmigration_051807.pdf; See also US Department of Homeland Security, Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2007, Washington, D.C., September 2008, available at: http://www.dhs.gov/xlibrary/assets/statistics/yearbook/2007/ois_2007_yearbook.pdf; and Michael Hoefer, Nancy Rytina and Bryan C. Baker, Estimates of the Unauthorized Immigrant Population Residing in the United States: January 2007, US Department of Homeland Security, Office of Immigration Statistics, Policy Directorate, available at: http://www.dhs.gov/xlibrary/assets/statistics/publications/ois_ill_pe_2007.pdf

[14] Michael Hoefer, Nancy Rytina and Bryan C. Baker, Estimates of the Unauthorized Immigrant Population Residing in the United States: January 2007, US Department of Homeland Security, Office of Immigration Statistics, Policy Directorate, available at: http://www.dhs.gov/xlibrary/assets/statistics/publications/ois_ill_pe_2007.pdf.

[15] These five countries account for approximately 72 per cent of the total number of unauthorized immigrants entering the United Sates in 2007. See Michael Hoefer, Nancy Rytina and Bryan C. Baker, Estimates of the Unauthorized Immigrant Population Residing in the United States: January 2007, US Department of Homeland Security, Office of Immigration Statistics, Policy Directorate, Table 3, Page 4, available at: http://www.dhs.gov/xlibrary/assets/statistics/publications/ois_ill_pe_2007.pdf.

[16] See Human Rights Watch, Blood, Sweat and Fear: Workers' Rights in U.S. Meat and Poultry Plants, 24 January 2005, available at http://www.hrw.org/en/reports/2005/01/24/blood-sweat-and-fear-0.

[17] Unauthorized immigrants are ineligible for public medical assistance programs. 1996 Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWOR) (PL 104-193). See also Guide to Immigrant Eligibility for Federal Program, 4th ed., Table 1, National Immigration Law Center, 2002, at: http://www.nilc.org/pubs/guideupdates/tbl1_ovrvw_fed_pgms_032505.pdf.

[18] Peter Hart, Dobbs' Choice: CNN Host Picks Immigration As His Ax to Grind, Extra!, Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting, January/February 2004, available at: http://www.fair.org/index.php?page=1162.

[19] James Pendergraph, speaking at the Police Foundation National Conference, The Role of Local Police: Striking a Balance between Immigration Enforcement and Civil Liberties, Washington, D.C.

[20] Representative Lynn Woolsey (Democrat-California), Testimony on Immigration Raids: Postville and Beyond, Committee on Judiciary, Subcommittee on Immigration, Citizenship, Refugees, Border Security, and International, 22 July 2008.

[21] Immediate deportation can happen in a variety of ways. For example, an individual may be offered the opportunity to withdraw his or her application to enter the United States; he or she may be also be deported through processes known as "expedited removal" or "stipulated removal," which means that an individual is not placed in formal removal (deportation) proceedings and waives the right to a hearing before an immigration judge.