The Secretary-General should continue to closely monitor and report on the human rights and humanitarian situation in Myanmar and use his 'good offices' mandate to further encourage the Myanmar government to address all violations of international human rights and humanitarian law, including the repression of persons of ethnic minority groups and religious minorities.
The Security Council should remain seized of the situation in Myanmar, including through regular briefings on the implementation of measures the Council has repeatedly urged the Myanmar government to take. These measures include the "importance of the release of all political prisoners" and "further measures to create the necessary conditions for a genuine dialogue with Daw Aung San Suu Kyi and all concerned parties and ethnic groups". Furthermore, the Council should impose a comprehensive arms embargo on Myanmar that covers direct and indirect transfers of military and security equipment and munitions and expertise, including transfers claimed to be 'non-lethal'.
UN member states should immediately suspend the supply to Myanmar of all direct and indirect transfers of military and security equipment and munitions and expertise, including transfers claimed to be 'non-lethal'.
UN member states should give the UN Secretary-General and the Special Procedures of the Human Rights Council, including the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, the support they need to continue to closely the monitor human rights situation in Myanmar, and to provide regular and ad hoc reports on the situation.
Amnesty International, Crimes against humanity in eastern Myanmar, June 2008 (Index: ASA 16/011/2008).
2 In his September 2008 report to the UN General Assembly, the UN Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, stated that "All ethnic minorities, particularly the most vulnerable, shall enjoy human rights without discrimination [...]". Report of the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar to the General Assembly, 5 September 2008 (A/63/341), p. 13. In December 2008, the UN General Assembly itself "expressed grave concern" at both "the high and increasing number of political prisoners, including other political leaders, persons belonging to ethnic nationalities and human rights defenders" (OP 2 (a)), and "The continuing discrimination and violations suffered by persons belonging to ethnic nationalities of Myanmar [...]" (OP 2 (d)). It also "strongly call[ed] upon the Government of Myanmar [...] To desist from further politically motivated arrests and to release without delay and without conditions those who have been arbitrarily arrested and detained, as well as [...] ethnic group leaders" (OP 4 (f)). UN General Assembly Resolution on Myanmar, 24 December 2008 (A/RES/63/245). In December 2009, the UN General Assembly "Call[ed] upon the Government of Myanmar to undertake a transparent inclusive and comprehensive review of compliance of the constitution and all national legislation with international human rights law, while fully engaging with democratic opposition and ethnic groups [...]" (OP 8). UN General Assembly Resolution on Myanmar, 24 December 2009 (A/RES/64/238).