Iran: The last executioner of children

Report
January 1, 2011

Iran: The last executioner of children


23 Article 19 of the Law on Appeals, 1993.
24 Article 232 of the Code of Criminal Procedures, 1999.
25 See, for example, the comment by Nasser Saraj in May 2007 in Chapter 3.
26 Except where specified under the Penal Code, where certain kinds of offenders who have confessed and repented may be pardoned by the Supreme Leader on the recommendation of the judge in the case.
27 This refers to the right to seek pardon from the state. The state has the duty to guarantee the right to seek pardon, although it can take into account the wishes of the family.
28 Human Rights Committee, General Comment No. 6 on the right to life, para 7.
29 Report of the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention, 27 June 2003, E/CN.4/2004/3/Add.2.
30 For example, Article 14 of the ICCPR.
31 Committee on the Rights of the Child, General Comment No. 10: Children’s rights in Juvenile Justice, CRC/C/GC/10, 9 February 2007, para 23(g).
32 Other means of proving such crimes include testimony of witnesses or the knowledge of the judge "obtained through conventional methods".
33 Article 15 of the Code of Criminal Procedure.
34 Report of the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention, 27 June 2003, E/CN.4/2004/3/Add.2, p15.
35 Article 165 of the Constitution.
36 Article 128 of the Code of Criminal Procedure.
37 Report of the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention, 27 June 2003, E/CN.4/2004/3/Add.2.
38 Report of the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention, 27 June 2003, E/CN.4/2004/3/Add.2.
39 For a discussion on the lack of independence of the judiciary and the role of judges, see Amnesty International’s report, Iran: A legal system that fails to protect freedom of expression and association, AI Index: MDE: 13/045/2001.
40 Kayhan newspaper, 8 May 2005.
41 See Iranian Bar Association website visited on 9 May 2007 at http://www.iranbar.org/far01p39.php#582.
42 "Execution of a teenage girl", BBC documentary aired on the UK’s BBC 2 channel, 27 July 2006.
43 "Execution of a teenage girl", op cit.
44 "Execution of a teenage girl", op cit.
45 "Execution of a teenage girl", op cit.
46 "Execution of a teenage girl", op cit.
47 Iran newspaper, 26 December 2004.
48 Iran, 26 December 2004.
49 "Lavat beh ‘Onf’".
50 Quds newspaper, 19 July 2005.
51 Hamshahri newspaper, 11 December 2005.
52 Jondallah, which has carried out a number of armed attacks on Iranian officials and
has on occasion killed hostages, reportedly seeks to defend the rights of the Baluchi people. Government officials have claimed that it is involved in drug smuggling and has ties to terrorist groups and foreign governments. In March 2006, Jondallah killed 22 Iranian officials and took at least seven people hostage in Sistan-Baluchistan province. Following the incident, scores, possibly hundreds, of people were arrested; many were reportedly taken to unknown locations. In the months following the attacks, the number of executions announced in Baluchi areas increased dramatically. Dozens of people were reported to have been executed by the end of the year.
53 E’temad-e Melli newspaper, 21 September 2006.
54 E’temad newspaper, 31 January 2007, http://www.etemaad.com/Released/85-11-11/97.htm.
55 E’temad, 2 March 2007.
56 E’temad, 25 April 2007.
57 11 January 2007, translated by David Etebari, www.stopchildexecutions.com.
58 IranMania.com, 3 January 2005.
59 Eqdam ‘aleyhe amniyat.
60 Iranian Students’ News Agency, 18 January 2005, http://www.isna.ir/news.Main.asp
61 E’temad, 21 September 2006.