- Press the Iranian authorities to announce an immediate moratorium on all executions of those aged under 18 at the time of the crime, including those sentenced to qesas for murder, with a view to abolition.
APPENDIX I: List of child offenders executed
The following list summarizes the information on executions of child offenders recorded by Amnesty International since 1990.
19901) Kazem Shirafkan was 17 when executed.19922-4) Three boys – one aged 16, two aged 17 – were executed on 29 September. 19995) Ebrahim Qorbanzadeh was convicted of murder and executed on 24 October in Rasht when he was 17.20006) Jasem Ebrahimi was publicly hanged on 14 January in Gonaveh for kidnap, rape and murder. He was 17 when executed. 20017) Mehrdad Yousefi, aged 18, was executed on 29 May in western Iran. He was convicted of a murder committed when he was 16 years old. 20048) Mohammad Mohammadzadeh was hanged on 25 January in the western province of Ilam. He had been convicted of the murder of Mousa Azadi five years previously, when he was 17 years old. 9) Salman, surname unknown, was executed for murder in Mashhad on 12 May. He had been convicted of the murder in 2000, when he was 17 years old. According to press reports, the courts waited until he was over 18 before carrying out the execution. 10) Atefeh Rajabi Sahaaleh (see Chapter 3). 200511) Iman Farrokhi (see Chapter 3). 12) Ali Safarpour Rajabi, aged 20, was hanged on 13 July for killing Hamid Enshadi, a police officer, in Poldokhtar. His death sentence was reportedly passed in February 2002 when he was 17 years old. He may have been only 16 years old at the time of the crime for which he was executed.
13-14) Ayaz Marhoni and Mahmoud Asgari (see Chapter 3).15) Farshid Farighi, aged 21, was hanged in Bandar Abbas on 1 August. He was convicted of stabbing to death five men, reported to be taxi drivers, in separate incidents. The first of the killings was in 1998 when Farshid Farighi was 14 years old. He was reportedly arrested in 2000 when he was 16. He was flogged before he was executed.16) At least one 17-year-old youth (name unknown) was among four men under the age of 23, named only as AP, BK, HK and HJ, who were executed in public on 23 August in Bandar Abbas, according to Kayhan newspaper.64 Kayhan reported that HK and HJ had been convicted of kidnapping and rape, and that AP and BK had been convicted of rape and theft, and were flogged before they were executed. 17) A 22-year-old man (name unknown) from a village named as Doust Iran Nodan was reported to have been hanged at dawn in public in Fars province on 12 September. He had reportedly been sentenced to death for rape in 2000, when he was 17.6518) Rostam Tajik (see Chapter 3). 200619) Majid Segound (or Sagvand – see Chapter 3). 20) A man named as Sattar was executed in September. He had reportedly been sentenced to qesas by a court in Tehran on 26 January 2005, when he was 17, for the murder of a man named Mahmoud in Islamshahr, southern Tehran. The killing allegedly took place during a fight several months earlier. 21) Morteza M was reported to have been publicly hanged in Yazd on 7 November. According to reports, he was 18 at the time of execution and had been sentenced to death for the murder of his friend two years earlier.6622) Naser Batmani, aged 22, was hanged in Sanandaj Prison in late December 2006 for a murder committed when he was under 18, according to the Kurdistan Human Rights Organization. He was executed after serving a five-year prison sentence.200723) Mohammad Mousavi (see Chapter 3).24) Sa’id Qanbar Zahi (see Chapter 3).
APPENDIX II: List of child offenders on death row
The following list summarizes the information on child offenders facing executions known to Amnesty International, as of May 2007.
1 Sina Paymard (see Chapter 4)
2 Delara Darabi (see Chapter 4)
3 Shahram Pourmansouri (see Chapter 4)
4 Abbas Hosseini (see Chapter 4)
5 Reza Alinejad (see Chapter 4)