Indonesia: Briefing to the UN Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women: Women and girl domestic workers

January 1, 2011

Indonesia: Briefing to the UN Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women: Women and girl domestic workers

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(1) Note verbale dated 12 April 2007 from the Permanent Mission of Indonesia to the United Nations addressed to the President of the General Assembly, UN Doc. A/61/855. 13 April 2007.


(2) Local non governmental organizations welcomed the participative dialogue around the passing of the law and the inclusion of a number of important aspects including a definition of sexual exploitation, the inclusion of provisions on trafficking abroad and impunity for victims. They however pointed out at the lack of sufficient provisions on child trafficking. See:


(3) The percentage of male domestic workers remains marginal. See ILO, Bunga-bunga di Atas Padas: Fenomena Pekerja Rumah Tangga Anak Di Indonesia (Flowers on the Rock: Phenomenon of Child Domestic Workers in Indonesia), 2004.


(4) See Indonesian Ministry of Women’s Empowerment, Panduan Kebijakan Perlindungan Pekerja Rumah Tangga Anak (Policy pilot for the protection of child domestic workers), 2006, p. 16.


(5) An Amnesty International delegation visited the province of Java, Indonesia in February-March 2006, and met 40 women domestic workers, community representatives, medical and legal practitioners, civil society organizations, local and international NGOs, UN agencies, and representatives of the police and local government. During their visit to Indonesia Amnesty International delegates also met government representatives in Jakarta.


(6) In Indonesia, there is no legal guarantee of free education. The government acknowledges that not all children are able to attend secondary school because of relatively high schooling fees, inaccessibility and a selection system based on catchment areas. See Committee on the Right of the Child, Second Periodic Report of State Parties due in 1997: Indonesia, UN Doc. CRC /C/65/Add.23, 7 July 2003, para. 321.


(7) See art 2(1) and 28.


(8) Art 5 of Law No. 20/2003 on the National Education System.


(9) See:


(10) Indonesian bureau of statistics (BPS, Statistik Kesejahteraan Rakyat), Percentage of illiteracy population 10 years above by province and sex, 2004.


(11) In February 2005, the unemployment rate was over 10 per cent, and over 28 per cent for 15-24 year olds. See Preliminary results from a National Labour Force Survey reported in: World Bank, Indonesia: Economic and Social Update, October 2005, p.16.


(12) Data – Baseline and Development Program Achievement 2000-2009, BPS, in "Indonesia: Annexes to the responses to the list of issues and questions with regards to the consideration of the fourth and fifth period report", CEDAW/C/IDN/Q/5/Add.1, 2007.


(13) The Convention provides for state parties to declare a minimum age so that "no one under that age shall be admitted to employment or work in any occupation" (Art 1).


(14) Article 2(3) of ILO Convention 138 provides that "[T]he minimum age specified… shall not be less than the age of completion of compulsory schooling and, in any case, shall not be less than 15 years." When Indonesia ratified ILO Convention 138, it specified 15 as that age, which means that the general minimum age of employment is 15 and free and compulsory education should be guaranteed in Indonesia until the age of 15.


(15) The National Economic Survey, 2002, quoted in UNICEF, "Fact sheet – girls’ education in Indonesia", 2003, available at