The agricultural sector in Italy is heavily reliant on migrant workers. According to official data, migrant workers provide nearly a quarter of the days worked overall in this sector. The real figure is probably significantly higher.
However, some migrant workers are paid as little as €25 for a day’s work and live in derelict buildings and makeshift shelters without running water, electricity or heating.
This report focuses on the violation of labor rights of migrant workers in the areas of Latina and Caserta. It documents widespread labor exploitation, including wages below minimum standards, arbitrary reductions, delays or non-payment of wages and long hours of work.
Amnesty International demonstrates that Italian migration policy increases the vulnerability of migrant workers, especially irregular migrants, to labor exploitation. At the same time, Italian legislation creates obstacles to access to justice for migrant workers and offers them inadequate protection. Amnesty International urges the Italian government to revise its migration policy and legislation to ensure that the rights of all workers are fulfilled, respected, protected and promoted.
A migrants’ rights defender received a series of threatening phone calls from an individual claiming to be part of a major drug cartel who threatened him with extortion. The defender and his colleagues from a migrants shelter in Tabasco state, south east Mexico, had been recently working on a number of cases of mass kidnappings and sexual violence of migrants in the region.
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