Refugees and asylum-seekers
In July, the Crown Prosecution Service announced that there was insufficient evidence to bring charges in connection with the death of Jimmy Mubenga in 2010. There were, however, witness statements available that he had been dangerously restrained and suggestions that there had been shortcomings in the security guards' training. Jimmy Mubenga, an Angolan national, had collapsed and died after being restrained by private security guards during an attempt to deport him to Angola.
In October, the authorities attempted to forcibly return a Syrian national back to Syria, contrary to the advice of UNHCR, the UN refugee agency. The removal was only halted following a High Court order. In December, the Upper Tribunal (Immigration and Asylum Chamber) issued a country guidance decision finding that, in the current context, no asylum-seekers should be forcibly returned to Syria in light of the risks that they would face.
Sri Lankan nationals were forcibly returned despite credible evidence of the real risk of torture and other grave human rights violations they would face on return.
Amnesty International visits/reports
- Amnesty International delegates visited Northern Ireland in March, September and December and observed court proceedings in England throughout the year.
- UK: Detainee Inquiry closure presents an opportunity for real accountability (EUR 45/005/2012)
- United Kingdom: Submission to the Joint Committee on Human Rights – The Justice and Security Green Paper (EUR 45/006/2012)
- UK: Abu Qatada still at risk of torture and unfair trial (EUR 45/010/2012)
- Left in the dark: The use of secret evidence in the United Kingdom (EUR 45/014/2012)
- USA must respect rights of individuals extradited from the UK (AMR 51/086/2012)
- UK ordered to continue moratorium on detainee transfers in Afghanistan (ASA 11/020/2012)
- Libyan rendition case shows it's time for UK to come clean (PRE01/206/2012)