- In September the European Court of Human Rights found in the case of Abdolkhani and Karimnia v Turkey that the refugees had been unlawfully detained for more than a year. The applicants were eventually released in October, but many others detained in similar circumstances remained in detention and the provision declared unlawful in the judgement remained in force.
Violence against women and girls
The number of shelters available for women survivors of domestic violence remained woefully inadequate and far below the one for every settlement of 50,000 people required by domestic law. In September a government protocol was signed to facilitate greater cooperation between state institutions in protecting survivors of domestic violence.
- In June the European Court of Human Rights ruled in the case of Opuz v Turkey that the authorities had failed in their obligation to protect the applicant and her mother from violence. The court found violations of the rights to life and the prohibitions on torture and of discrimination. It ruled that the state's failure - even if unintentional - to protect women against domestic violence breached women's right to equal protection of the law, and that general and discriminatory judicial passivity in Turkey created a climate conducive to domestic violence.
Amnesty International visits/reports
Amnesty International delegates visited Turkey in January, February, March, April, May, July, August and October, including to observe trials.
Stranded - Refugees in Turkey denied protection (22 April 2009)
Turkey: German, Swiss and Austrian governments withdraw financial support for Turkey's Il?su dam project where human rights violations were a risk (7 July 2009)
Turkey: Submission to the UN Universal Periodic Review - Eighth session of the UPR Working Group of the Human Rights Council, May 2010 (9 November 2009)
Turkey: Amnesty International welcomes improvement in detention conditions of Abdullah Öcalan after 10 years in isolation (19 November 2009)
Turkey: Constitutional Court rules in favour of closure of pro-Kurdish Democratic Society Party (14 December 2009)