Annual Report: Morocco and Western Sahara 2010

May 28, 2010

Annual Report: Morocco and Western Sahara 2010

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Transitional justice

A list of cases of enforced disappearances investigated by the Equity and Reconciliation Commission was still not published. The Commission, established to investigate gross human rights violations committed between 1956 and 1999, completed its work in November 2005 and the list was due to be published by the Advisory Council on Human Rights, tasked to follow up its work. In September, the Advisory Council said that 17,012 survivors and victims' families had received financial compensation as a result of the Commission's decisions and 2,886 people had been issued with health care cards. However, victims and survivors continued to be denied effective access to justice and the perpetrators had still not been held to account. In June, the UN Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances visited Morocco. On 20 August, the King called for judicial reform, as recommended by the Commission, but no reform measures were implemented.

Polisario camps

No steps were known to have been taken by the Polisario Front to address the impunity of those accused of committing human rights abuses in the camps in the 1970s and 1980s.

Amnesty International visit/reports

Amnesty International's Secretary General and other delegates visited Morocco in March and discussed human rights with the Ministers of Justice and Interior.

No more half measures – addressing enforced disappearances in Morocco and Western Sahara (28 August 2009)
Morocco/Western Sahara: Expulsion of human rights defender reflects growing intolerance (17 November 2009)