The report on Colombia of the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, published in March, stated that, although the government had made efforts to combat extrajudicial executions, serious violations of human rights continued to take place. It expressed concerns about continued statements by government officials linking human rights defenders and social activists with guerrilla groups; human rights abuses by guerrilla groups; and the serious risks to the civilian population posed by "illegal armed groups that have emerged since the paramilitary demobilization". The report also stressed that few victims of human rights violations had been accorded their rights to truth, justice and reparation.
In March, the UN Human Rights Council formally adopted the outcome of the December 2008 review of Colombia's human rights record under the UN Universal Periodic Review (UPR). The government made a commitment to comply with most of the recommendations, including urgent implementation of the full recommendations of the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights.
UN Special Rapporteurs on the independence of judges and lawyers; on human rights defenders; on indigenous people; and on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions visited Colombia during 2009.
On 1 November, the declaration made by Colombia under Article 124 of the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, by which Colombia had declared that for seven years it did not accept the jurisdiction of the Court with respect to war crimes, came to an end.
Amnesty International visits/reports
Amnesty International delegates visited Colombia in February, July, September and October.The Curvaradó and Jiguamiandó Humanitarian Zones – Communities in resistance in Colombia (24 February 2009)
The Peace Community of San José de Apartadó – Communities in resistance in Colombia (24 February 2009)
Everything left behind: Internal displacement in Colombia (16 July 2009)