Annual Report: Chad 2010

May 28, 2010

Annual Report: Chad 2010

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  • On 14 October, Innocent Ebodé, Cameroonian chief editor of the newspaper La Voix du Tchad, was summarily deported from Chad. The authorities accused La Voix du Tchad of not respecting administrative regulations covering the publication of newspapers in Chad and its chief editor of staying illegally in Chad since his arrival in June 2009. The deportation followed an article criticizing the Environment Minister's suggestion that the Nobel Peace Prize should have been awarded to President Idriss Déby Itno for his environmental work.
  • On 28 November, Eloi Miandadji, a reporter with La Voix du Tchad, was detained for several hours and the memory card of his camera was confiscated by security personnel after he introduced himself to and requested an interview with the Minister of the Interior and Public Security. The incident happened after the Minister verbally abused Eloi Miandadji when he asked a question about the use of police vehicles. Eloi Miandadji was later made to sign a document stating that he was not going to write about his arrest or the question related to the police vehicles. The Minister told him that La Voix du Tchad would soon be closed. On 3 December, a N'Djamena court ordered the closure of the newspaper and the seizure of all copies of it.

Human rights defenders

Human rights defenders continued to face threats, attacks and intimidation.

  • On 13 October, Michel Barka, chairperson of the Union Syndicale du Tchad (UST), a large trade union, was followed while driving and then forced to stop. He reversed and escaped. Later the same day he was again followed, this time by a motorcyclist who pointed a gun at him.
  • Also on 13 October,Masalbaye Tenebaye, President of the Chadian Human Rights League (Ligue Tchadienne des droits de l'homme, LTDH), was followed on his way home aftermeeting an international partner organization. The same people followed him the next day. State officials met Masalbaye Tenebaye on 20 October and assured him that they would take measures to protect him and would investigate the incidents.

Forced evictions

People continued to be forcibly evicted in 2009 and their homes destroyed in several N'Djamena neighbourhoods, including Moursal, Chagoua and Goudji, leaving thousands homeless.

Using commercial satellite imagery, Amnesty International established that more than 3,700 structures were destroyed in the year up to January 2009. Some inhabitants were given adequate warning that their houses were going to be demolished, but most were given no notice. The houses of some were demolished despite court orders protecting them. Very few of the people forcibly evicted were given alternative housing or compensation.

  • Apollinaire Nodjohoudou Djeria, whose house was demolished in late 2008 in defiance of a court order, was told he would receive compensation in 2009 by the Mayor of N'Djamena. However, by the end of the year he had received nothing.

Amnesty International visits/reports

Amnesty International delegates visited Eastern Chad and N'Djamena in April and May.

Chad: Open letter to the Security Council (13 March 2009)
Chad: Broken homes, broken lives (8 September 2009)
"No place for us here" – Violence against refugee women in eastern Chad (30 September 2009)
Human Rights Council adopts Universal Periodic Review outcome on Chad (24 September 2009)