In January 2003, Urgent Action letter-writers sent thousands of appeals to Brazilian officials on behalf of Dr. Elma Novais and her children Jefferson and Roxana, following a campaign of threats and intimidation against them. This campaign appeared to be designed to intimidate Dr. Novais, who had been working tirelessly to bring to justice those responsible for killing her son, Josenildo Joao de Freitas
Junior. He was shot dead in Caruaru, Pernambuco, in 1999 by a group of men who witnesses described as military policemen, and who were believed to be members of a death squad. After the Urgent Action was issued, Dr. Novais' protection was switched from 12- to 24-hour.
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Brazil: Teenager Disappeared During Military Operation (UA 301/14)
A teenager has been disappeared after reportedly being tied up and taken by military police officers during a police operation in the city of Salvador. His mother has been receiving threats.