Communities at Risk of Human Rights Abuses
At the heart of all Amnesty International’s work is the individual – as the person at risk of human rights abuses, as the survivor, as the partner in the defense of rights, and as a member of a community whose human rights are threatened. A community can be a group of people who live in the same place, or it can be a social, religious, occupational, or other group sharing common characteristics or interests which is distinct in some respect from the larger society within which it exists. There are many different types of communities, and many ways in which their human rights can be threatened or abused.
Here are some examples of communities at risk whose rights Amnesty International works to protect:
Indigenous People: Despite some progress over the last decade, Indigenous Peoples around the world continue to live in hardship and danger due to the failure of states to recognize and uphold their human rights. Indigenous Peoples are uprooted from their lands and territories as a consequence of discriminatory government policies, the impact of armed conflicts, and the actions of private economic interests. Social marginalization and legal discrimination place Indigenous Peoples at risk of a wide range of human rights violations directed against community leaders, individuals and Indigenous Peoples as a whole.
Discriminated Groups: Discrimination is the systematic denial of certain peoples' or groups' full human rights because of who they are or what they believe. It is all too easy to deny a person’s human rights if you consider them as "less than human". Yet discrimination due to factors such as race, ethnicity, nationality, class, religion or belief, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, age or health status – or a combination of factors – persists in many forms in every country in the world. Examples of communities suffering from discrimination in countries around the world include the Roma people, LGBT people, and religious minorities.
Refugees and Migrants: Every day across the world people make the difficult decision to leave their homes. War, persecution, environmental disaster and poverty are just some of the reasons why a person might feel that they have to leave their family, community or country. People often have more than one reason for leaving their home. Whatever the reason, however, all have human rights. Amnesty International campaigns for the rights of refugees, internally displaced persons and migrants around the world and exposes human rights abuses and failures in their protection.