(WASHINGTON, D.C.) - Amnesty International is calling on Texas to halt its 500th execution since the reinstatement of capital punishment in the United States in 1976. In what it describes as a "shameful milestone," Kimberly McCarthy is scheduled to be put to death by lethal injection in Huntsville at 6 p.m. local time, barring a stay of her execution.
The 52-year-old African American woman was sentenced to death in 2002 for murder.
"Capital punishment in Texas has been arbitrary, biased and prone to error," said Brian Evans, director of Amnesty International USA’s campaign to abolish the death penalty. "It is a profound and irreversible injustice. The death penalty is cruel, inhuman and degrading, and a violation of the right to life as proclaimed in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights."
The list of the 499 people put to death in Texas since 1976 includes prisoners suffering from severe mental illness or intellectual disability, teenage offenders and defendants who had been provided with woefully inadequate counsel when on trial for their lives. In several cases, executions went ahead despite convictions based on flawed or questionable evidence.
Texas has the deadly distinction of topping the U.S. execution table, having carried out nearly 400 more executions than the second-highest offender, Virginia, with 110 since 1976. However, the number of executions in Texas is falling year by year.
"Amnesty International recognizes that attitudes may be shifting in Texas, as jury-issued death sentences in recent years have been at historic lows," Evans said. "However, among other things, there is reason to be concerned about the continuing influence of race in capital justice."
Seven of the nine people sentenced to death in Texas in 2012 and six of the seven executions this year have been African Americans.
While only 12.2 percent of the population of Texas is black, African American inmates make up nearly 40 percent of the 283 inmates currently on death row in the state. In Harris County, African Americans account for more than 70 percent of death row inmates and less than 20 percent of the general population.
In 1997, Duane Buck was sentenced to death after a Harris County jury heard "expert" evidence that Buck was likely to pose a future danger of violent behavior because of the color of his skin.
"This alarming suggestion illustrates just one aspect of the acute injustice in the Texas capital punishment system. After more than 30 years and 499 executions, it is time for Texas to break old habits and join the trend towards abolition," Evans said.
According to Amnesty International’s most recent yearly report on the use of the death penalty worldwide, the overall the worldwide trend is away from the use of the death penalty. Five US States have legislated to abolish the death penalty in the past six years – New Jersey (2007), New Mexico (2009), Illinois (2010), Connecticut (2012), and just last month, Maryland.
Amnesty International is a Nobel Peace Prize-winning grassroots activist organization with more than 3 million supporters, activists, and volunteers in more than 150 countries campaigning for human rights worldwide. The organization investigates and exposes abuses, educates and mobilizes the public, and works to protect people wherever justice, freedom, truth, and dignity are denied.