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Urgent Action Update: Minority Religious Leaders Convicted Of Blasphemy (Indonesia: UA 131/16)

Urgent Action
March 10, 2017
 
Three followers of the ‘Millah Abraham’ religious belief have been convicted of blasphemy and sentenced to between three and five years’ imprisonment. They have all been convicted for peacefully manifesting their right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion, and must be immediately and unconditionally released. 
 
Ahmad Mushaddeq, Mahful Muis Tumanurung, and Andry Cahya were convicted for blasphemy by the East Jakarta District Court on 7 March 2017. They were first arrested and detained on 25 May 2016 and were later charged with blasphemy under Article 156(a) of the Criminal Code, and with “rebellion (makar)” under Articles 107 and 110 of the Code. All were acquitted of the “rebellion” charges by the court. 
 
The three individuals are all leaders of, the now disbanded, Fajar Nusantara Movement (Gafatar) adhering to ‘Millah Abraham’ religious belief  that was considered by the Indonesian authorities of being ‘heretic’ because it intermixes the religious teachings of Islam, Christianism and Judaism. 
 
In addition to Article 18 of the International Convention on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), to which Indonesia is a state party, the right to freedom of religion and belief is guaranteed in Articles 28E and 28I of the Indonesian Constitution. Nevertheless, the blasphemy provisions in Articles 156 and 156(a) of the Criminal Code criminalize “any person who in public deliberately expresses his/her feelings or engages in actions that in principle is hostile and considered as abuse or defamation of a religion embraced in Indonesia”. 
 
Ahmad Mushaddeq and Mahful Muis Tumanurung were sentenced to five years in prison, while Andry Cahya was sentenced to three years in prison.
 
1) TAKE ACTION
Write a letter, send an email, call, fax or tweet:
  • Immediately and unconditionally release Ahmad Mushaddeq, Andry Cahya and Mahful Muis Tumanurung as they have been imprisoned solely for peacefully exercising their human right to freedom of religion;
  • Repeal Articles 156 and 156(a) of the Indonesia’s Criminal Code and all other provisions set out in laws and regulations which impose restrictions, beyond those permitted under international human rights law, on the right to freedom of expression and thought, conscience and religion.
 
Contact these two officials by 21 April, 2017:
 
Minister of Law and Human Rights
Mr. Yasonna Laoly
Ministry of Law and Human Rights
Jl. HR Rasuna Said Kav. 6-7, Kuningan
Jakarta Selatan, Indonesia 12940
Twitter: @Kemenkumham_RI
Fax: +62 (0)21 525 3004
Salutation: Dear Minister
 
Ambassador Budi Bowoleksono
Embassy of the Republic of Indonesia
2020 Massachusetts Ave. NW, Washington DC 20036
Salutation: Dear Ambassador
 
2) LET US KNOW YOU TOOK ACTION
Here’s why it is so important to report your actions: we record the number and types of actions taken—letters, emails, calls and tweets--on each case and use that information in our advocacy. 
 
 
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